Tran Quoc Pagoda, formerly known as Khai Quoc Pagoda or Tran Quoc Ancient Pagoda, was built with the purpose of praying for the nation’s prosperity and people’s well-being. It is not only a spiritual and cultural tourist attraction for international visitors but also holds great significance for the people of Hanoi. On occasions such as the 1st and 15th day of the lunar month or the beginning of the new year, the people of Hanoi come here to offer incense, pray for their wishes to come true, and seek peace for their families and prosperity for the nation.

Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi is located on the eastern shore of West Lake and is under the management of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha. The pagoda is open daily from 8 AM to 4 PM for visitors and locals to visit and pay their respects.

Introduction to Tran Quoc Pagoda.

This is one of the oldest temples in Vietnam, with a history that spans over 1500 years. In the past, the pagoda was the center of Buddhism during the Ly Tran dynasty, and the kings of that era often visited the temple on special occasions for worship and prayer.

Tran Quoc Pagoda shines brilliantly amidst Hanoi’s West Lake

Where is Tran Quoc Pagoda located?

The pagoda is situated on an island on the eastern side of West Lake. The specific address is on Thanh Nien Street, Yen Phu Ward, Tay Ho District, Hanoi. It is relatively close to other tourist attractions in Hanoi, such as Bach Thao Park (1km), Quan Thanh Temple (1.1km), Ba Dinh Square (1.5km), the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long (2.3km), and Dong Xuan Market (2.7km).

How to get there?

Visitors can reach the pagoda by bus, motorbike, or taxi. Here are the transportation options:

  • Bus: Bus number 50 runs to the pagoda. The bus operates from 5:00 AM to 8:45 PM daily with a frequency of every 20 minutes, and the fare is 7,000 VND per person per trip. Visitors should disembark at the bus stop on Thanh Nien Street and then walk to the pagoda’s entrance.
  • Motorbike: For those who have motorbikes, it takes about 20 minutes to ride from the city center to the pagoda. You can park your motorbike in the parking area opposite Tran Quoc Pagoda, near Tay Ho ice cream shop. The parking fee ranges from 5,000 to 10,000 VND per motorbike per trip.
  • Private Car with Driver: If you prefer a convenient and hassle-free option, you can use a private car with a driver service in Hanoi, such as’s. They will pick you up from anywhere in Hanoi and take you to Tran Quoc Pagoda quickly. You can also explore other attractions in Hanoi using their service at publicly listed prices on their website, without any additional costs.
  • Taxi or Grab: Some Hanoi taxi companies include Taxi Mai Linh (024 38 333333), Taxi Group (024 38 26 26 26), and Taxi Thanh Nga (024 38 215 215).

Who is worshiped at Tran Quoc Pagoda?

The pagoda is a place of worship for Buddhists and is under the management of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha.

In the past, it was visited by kings and queens for prayer and discussions. For example, during the reign of King Le Nhan Tong, Queen Y Lan often came here for discussions. The pagoda was also visited by King Minh Mang and King Thieu Tri, who granted funds for its renovation.

Tran Quoc Pagoda is more than 1,500 years old

What do people pray for when visiting Tran Quoc Pagoda?

When visiting the pagoda, people often pray for peace and happiness for their families, as well as for wealth, prosperity, and success in their careers. It is suggested that preparing a prayer text in advance will make it easier for you to pray when you visit.

The worship process typically involves making offerings at the Altar of Ancestors (usually with savory offerings), followed by the Triple Gem Altar (vegetarian offerings), and finally at the Ancestors’ House.

Tran Quoc Pagoda has also had the honor of being visited twice by the President of India and once by the President of Russia during their official visits to Vietnam.


Guidelines for Visiting the Pagoda:

  • As this is a place of worship, visitors should dress neatly and avoid wearing revealing clothing, sleeveless shirts, shorts, or short skirts.
  • When visiting the pagoda, visitors should keep their voices low and avoid making loud noises that could disrupt the solemn atmosphere of the sacred place.
  • Visitors are encouraged to dispose of their litter in designated bins and refrain from littering in or around the pagoda.

Opening Hours and Admission Fees at Tran Quoc Pagoda.

Tran Quoc Pagoda welcomes visitors for sightseeing and worship from 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM daily. On the 1st and 15th days of each lunar month, the pagoda extends its opening hours from 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM, and on the New Year’s Eve of the Lunar New Year, the pagoda remains open throughout the night.

Tran Quoc Pagoda does not charge an admission fee for both the local residents of Hanoi and tourists. Therefore, you are free to explore, admire the scenery, and pay your respects at the pagoda.

History and Architecture of Tran Quoc Pagoda.

History of Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi.

The pagoda was originally named Khai Quoc Pagoda and was built in 541 during the Early Ly Dynasty. At that time, it was located near the banks of the Red River. However, due to riverbank erosion in 1615 (during the reign of King Le Trung Hung), the pagoda was relocated inland to the Yen Phu embankment area, in the Kim Ngưu land.

The formal name of Tran Quoc Pagoda is indeed “Chua Tran Bac,” but people are more accustomed to the previous name

Subsequently, in the 17th century, under the rule of the Trinh lords, the Co Ngự dyke (now known as Thanh Nien Street) was constructed to connect with the Kim Ngưu island. The pagoda was renamed Tran Quoc Pagoda during the reign of King Le Hy Tong (1681 – 1705) with the intention of making it a place where people could ward off natural disasters and bring peace to the nation. This name has been retained to this day.

In history, this pagoda was the Buddhist center of Thang Long Imperial City. Kings of the Ly and Tran dynasties often visited and made offerings on various ceremonial occasions and festivals at the pagoda.

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Architecture of Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi.

Explore the Architecture of Tran Quoc Pagoda.

The images of Tran Quoc Pagoda clearly exhibit Eastern architectural elements, combined with the natural landscape, following the strict principles and order of Buddhism. After numerous renovations and repairs, Tran Quoc Pagoda now covers an area of over 3,000 square meters, consisting of three main structures: the Main Hall, the Upper Hall, and the Front Hall, interconnected in a C-shape.

The serene and humble scenery inside Tran Quoc Pagoda

The Front Hall faces west and is located in the middle of the pagoda complex. On both sides are the Main Hall and the Upper Hall, connected by two extended corridors. Behind these halls is a three-bay building with overlapping curved roofs, followed by a bell tower located on the main hall’s axis. On the left is a stone stele house that houses 14 steles with significant cultural and historical value, while on the right is the ancestral hall. In the 18th century, during the reign of King Le Y Tong, numerous additional towers were constructed behind Tran Quoc Pagoda.

In 1998, the Chief Abbot of Tran Quoc Pagoda, Venerable Kim Cuong Tu, had the Lotus Tower built prominently in the ancient tower garden. The Lotus Tower is symmetrical to the Bodhi tree, a gift from Indian President Rajendra Prasad during his visit in 1959. With its immense historical value and unique architecture, Tran Quoc Pagoda was recognized as a National Cultural and Historical Relic in 1989.

Offering Incense and Praying for Peace.

Tran Quoc Pagoda is a sacred place for people to seek luck and peace. Visiting Tran Quoc Pagoda has long been a tradition for Hanoi residents on occasions like Tet (Lunar New Year) and the 1st and 15th days of each lunar month. Whether you’re visiting for sightseeing or for worship, it’s customary to bring incense, offerings, and carefully prepared prayers to the various altars in the pagoda as a sign of respect. Some common prayers at the pagoda include prayers for peace and offerings to the ancestors.

Tran Quoc Pagoda attracts a large number of domestic and international tourists who come to visit

Admire the Bodhi Tree of Tran Quoc Pagoda.

Whenever Tran Quoc Pagoda is mentioned, people inevitably think of the large Bodhi tree, derived from the original Bodhi tree at Bodh Gaya, where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment 25 centuries ago. The Bodhi tree at Tran Quoc Pagoda holds deep spiritual significance, symbolizing compassion and generosity towards humanity and representing the wisdom of the Buddha. Every year, many visitors come to Tran Quoc Pagoda to pay their respects, make pilgrimages, and offer prayers to the Bodhi tree.

Admiring the famous Bodhi tree at Tran Quoc Pagoda

Over nearly 60 years since it was gifted by Mr. Prasat, the Bodhi tree has been meticulously cared for by the resident monks, and it remains as vibrant and vital as ever. The shade of the Bodhi tree creates a picturesque, tranquil setting, and the air is exceptionally pure and refreshing.

Admire the Unique Beauty of Buddha and Bodhisattva Statues.

Visitors can admire the unique beauty of various Buddha and Bodhisattva statues in the Lotus Tower and the Front Hall of Tran Quoc Pagoda. The Lotus Tower, standing 11 stories tall with an area of approximately 10.5 square meters, houses a precious jade Buddha statue. Inside the tower, there are also around 66 other statues. At the top of the tower is a nine-story lotus tower, resembling a blooming lotus flower emitting a fragrant scent, made from sparkling precious stones.

The Stupa at Tran Quoc Pagoda

After visiting the Lotus Tower, visitors can proceed to pay their respects to Buddha and make offerings at the Front Hall. Here, you’ll find various statues of Buddha, with the most prominent being the statue of Shakyamuni Buddha, coated in gold leaf. Other Buddha statues are cast in shining bronze.

Famous Tourist Destinations near Tran Quoc Pagoda.

To enhance your travel experience in Hanoi, consider combining a visit to Tran Quoc Pagoda with nearby recreational spots. Here is a list of famous attractions near the pagoda that you can explore:

Quan Thanh Temple.

For a spiritual journey in Hanoi, you must not miss Quan Thanh Temple, one of the “four temples” of the Thang Long Imperial City. Despite the passage of time and various historical dynasties, Quan Thanh Temple has preserved its cultural beauty and unique architecture, adding to the city’s ancient charm.

Thang Long Imperial Citadel.

Closely tied to the development of ancient Thang Long (now Hanoi), the Thang Long Imperial Citadel is one of the most captivating heritage sites that attracts a large number of tourists. In the historical relics system of Vietnam, Thang Long Imperial Citadel plays a pivotal role. Visitors to this site can explore prominent structures like the Đoan Môn (Main Gate), Bắc Môn (North Gate), Điện Kính Thiên (Kinh Thien Palace), and the archaeological site.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum.

A visit to the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is a must when traveling in Hanoi. This is where the beloved leader of the nation, Ho Chi Minh, rests. The area around the mausoleum is adorned with lush bamboo groves, creating a tranquil and serene atmosphere. The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is open to visitors on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday mornings. In addition to paying respects, visitors can witness the flag-raising and lowering ceremonies during specified hours. A small reminder when visiting the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is to dress modestly and refrain from bringing electronic recording devices.

Hanoi Old Quarter.

Exploring the Old Quarter and admiring the ancient houses while savoring local specialties is an experience you shouldn’t miss when visiting Hanoi. Hanoi’s Old Quarter is located in the northern and western parts of Hoan Kiem Lake. Each street specializes in selling specific goods, and you can stroll around for shopping, photography, and more. Additionally, you should take the time to savor the culinary delights of the Old Quarter, such as Cha Ca La Vong (grilled fish), Bun Rieu Cua (crab noodle soup), and Pho Bat Dan (noodle soup).

Tay Ho Palace.

Tay Ho Palace, also known as the Liễu Hạnh Princess Temple, is one of the famous spiritual tourist destinations in the capital. It boasts unique architecture, with intricate details reflecting Vietnamese culture. Many people visit Tay Ho Palace to admire the scenery, take photos, and seek health, fortune, and success.

Through the ups and downs of Hanoi’s history, Tran Quoc Pagoda still stands proudly, exuding a majestic and solemn beauty unique to the people of Hanoi. It is also a venue for important religious activities of the Buddhist community and is revered by the locals as the “Sacred Pagoda in Hanoi.

Van Phuc Silk Village is an appealing destination for those who want to discover the beauty of Hanoi’s silk culture. This article will provide more detailed information about Van Phuc Silk Village so you can gain a new perspective on this most renowned silk weaving village in Vietnam.

For those who have been captivated by the soft and exquisite beauty of silk fabrics, a visit to Van Phuc Silk Village is a must. It is not only a famous craft village but also an attractive tourist spot in Hanoi.

Where is Van Phuc Silk Village? Directions.

  • Address: Van Phuc Ward, Ha Dong District, 10km from the center of Hanoi.

Van Phuc Silk Village, located in Ha Dong District, Hanoi, is one of over 1,000 traditional craft villages still thriving in Vietnam. It is considered the cradle of silk weaving, with a history spanning thousands of years. In Van Phuc Silk Village, nearly 800 households continue the tradition of silk weaving.

Van Phuc Silk Village is located approximately 10 kilometers from the center of Hanoi city.
Van Phuc Silk Village is located approximately 10 kilometers from the center of Hanoi city.

To get to Van Phuc Silk Village, you can use the following means of transportation:

  • Private vehicle with a driver: Renting a private vehicle with a driver in Hanoi from’s is suitable for families, friends, or international tourists. Just provide us with the address, and our professional driver will take you right to the entrance of Van Phuc Silk Village.
  • Motorcycle: From the city center of Hanoi, take either Le Van Luong Street or Nguyen Trai Street until you reach Ha Dong Post Office.
  • Bus: Several bus routes go to Van Phuc Silk Village, including numbers 3, 07, 14, 20c, 25, 26, 31, 32, 36, 50, 55, and 79.

Learn about the history of Van Phuc Silk Village in Ha Dong.

Van Phuc Silk Village is a famous craft village in Hanoi, awarded the title of “Oldest Ongoing Silk Weaving Craft Village” by the Vietnam Record Center.

Formerly known as Van Bao, Van Phuc Silk Village underwent a name change to Van Phuc due to the Nguyen family’s influence. In 1931, Van Phuc silk was first introduced to the international market at the Marseille fair. After admiring the silk products displayed there, the French recognized Van Phuc silk as an exquisite fabric, with elegant and robust lines, making it the most beautiful silk in the Indochina region. In 1958, Van Phuc silk was officially exported to Eastern European countries. To this day, Van Phuc silk from Ha Dong remains highly popular and is used in many countries around the world.

Despite the passage of time, Van Phuc silk has retained its traditional beauty and continues to maintain its position as the number one silk weaving craft in Vietnam.

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What’s interesting about visiting Van Phuc Silk Village?

Van Phuc Silk Village is a place where traditional and modern elements converge. It offers not only vibrant and beautiful silk fabrics but also many interesting attractions for you to explore and take stunning photos.

The Traditional Village Gate of Van Phuc.

As soon as you set foot in Van Phuc Silk Village, you’ll be amazed by the unique and impressive design of the village gate. The gate is constructed entirely of red bricks, bearing the mark of tradition. The imagery of the gate conveys the village’s strength and determination to overcome challenges and continue to prosper. Next to the gate, there’s a large stone plaque with the words “Van Phuc Silk Village” deeply engraved on its surface.

The entrance gate to Van Phuc Village is extremely grand and is constructed in a traditional style.

The Colorful Umbrella Street – Perfect for Instagram.

Before entering the inner part of the village, you’ll get to see a beautiful display of colorful umbrellas hanging above, creating a stunning canopy that stretches for 100 meters. This newly introduced Umbrella Street in Van Phuc has already attracted numerous tourists for Instagram-worthy photos.

The glittering Umbrella Street impresses tourists in Van Phuc Silk Village.
The glittering Umbrella Street impresses tourists in Van Phuc Silk Village.

Authentic Van Phuc Silk Shops.

When you visit the silk shops, you can touch and feel the soft and glossy silk fabrics. The patterns on the silk here are incredibly diverse and creative, inspired by four main categories: plants, animals, abstract designs, and objects. What sets Van Phuc silk apart is the symmetrical arrangement of these patterns, creating a soothing visual effect and embodying the simplicity and elegance characteristic of Van Phuc silk.

The soft silk fabrics with floral patterns decorated in a symmetrical style.

The primary material used in crafting Van Phuc silk is silk produced from silkworms. According to artisans, producing perfect silk products requires several stages, from processing the silk thread, weaving, dyeing, to stretching and monitoring throughout the entire process. Among traditional silk types, Van silk is the most famous and preferred by customers.

The shops in Van Phuc Silk Village offer a wide range of products, including silk fabric, silk clothing, silk scarves, and more. You can freely choose your favorite items and purchase them as meaningful gifts.

Unique Mural Wall.

In addition to the beautiful Umbrella Street, Van Phuc Village features an impressive mural wall. These unique images on the wall are hand-painted by teachers from the Van Phuc Preschool, depicting the activities of the silk weaving village.

The mural wall in Van Phuc Village is also a familiar check-in spot for tourists.

Vibrant Van Phuc Silk Craft Festival.

If you have the opportunity to visit at the end of the year, don’t miss the chance to participate in the Van Phuc Silk Craft Festival, held from November 8th to November 17th. The festival consists of three main parts: ceremonies, fairs, and promotion. During this time, Van Phuc Silk Village comes alive with vibrant colors and a lively atmosphere.

While during the day, the village impresses with its colorful silk fabrics, at night, it becomes enchanting with the warm glow of golden lights illuminating the silk threads, creating a breathtaking sight.

The Sacred Van Phuc Village Temple.

In the heart of Van Phuc Village, there is a sacred temple known as Van Phuc Temple, dedicated to Thanh Hoang Lang, a figure with the title “Protector of the Nation – Helper of the People.” This is a famous historical and cultural relic in Hanoi, holding great significance for the local residents.

The village temple of Van Phuc, dedicated to Thanh Hoang Lang.

See More: Visiting One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi: Vietnam’s Most Unique Temple

What to Eat When Visiting Van Phuc Silk Village.

Near Van Phuc Silk Village, there are many restaurants and eateries offering a wide variety of dishes, from snacks to full meals. After an exciting visit to the craft village, you can satisfy your appetite at the following recommended dining places:

  • Red Coral – Fresh Seafood: 26 Van Phuc
  • Solo Hotpot: B7 63 Van Phuc
  • Aki Tea – Bubble Tea & Snacks: 58 Van Phuc
  • Dinh Hang – Various Pho & Noodle Dishes: 82 Van Phuc
  • To Thuc – Specialty Duck Dishes: 430 Van Phuc.

What’s Exciting About the Van Phuc Silk Village Festival?

In addition to the exciting experiences mentioned above, Van Phuc Silk Village also hosts a unique and lively festival. The festival typically takes place annually from November 8th to November 17th. The village festival is organized into three main parts: the ceremony, the fair, and the promotion.

During the festival, the entire village is adorned with vibrant decorations and bursts of color, from the prominent Umbrella Street right from the village gate to the silk stalls. The most beautiful scene of the festival is during the evening, when golden lights illuminate the surroundings, creating a radiant atmosphere that may remind many visitors of a “mini Hoi An.”

Participating in the festival, you’ll have the opportunity to witness and experience the entire silk weaving process from A to Z. The lively atmosphere, the enthusiasm of the local people during the village festival will give you a sense of a joyful and memorable celebration in Van Phuc Village.

Travel Tips for Van Phuc Silk Village in Ha Dong.

Travel tips for Van Phuc Village

There are some travel tips for visiting Van Phuc Silk Village that you can consider for your exploration:

  • In addition to personal transportation such as motorcycles or cars, you can choose public transportation like buses or the elevated train to reach Van Phuc Silk Village.
  • When arriving to visit the village with personal transportation, you can park your vehicle at a parking area a few meters after passing through the village gate. Since the village is not too large, parking and walking will make your visit more comfortable for sightseeing and shopping.
  • You can visit and explore Van Phuc Village at any time of the year. However, the liveliest and most bustling time is during the cultural week in mid-November and on weekend evenings.
  • If you choose to visit the village on the first day or the full moon day of each month, try to bargain less to avoid offending the local vendors.
  • There are not many sit-down restaurants within the village; instead, there are mainly street food stalls. The food at these stalls is reasonably priced and generally clean, so you can enjoy your meal without worries.

We hope that after your exploration of Van Phuc Silk Village, you will have many wonderful experiences and gain valuable knowledge about silk weaving. You’ll also understand why products made here are highly regarded by experts in the field.

One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi has been recognized by the Asian Records Organization as one of the most uniquely designed temples in Asia. Alongside the “Literature Temple,” it is a longstanding historical and cultural monument, symbolizing the thousand-year-old capital. With its distinctive architecture and profound human, historical values, this temple is a must-visit destination for Buddhist enthusiasts when traveling to Hanoi. Here, you will not only be amazed by this impressive masterpiece but also find relaxation in the peaceful surroundings under the lush green foliage and explore many other fascinating attractions nearby.

Useful Information about One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi

Where exactly is One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi located?

One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi is known by various names such as Mat Pagoda, Dien Huu Tu Pagoda, and Lotus Blossom Temple (due to its appearance resembling a lotus flower rising from a pond). This temple was built during the reign of King Ly Thai Tong and has since become an iconic symbol whenever Hanoi is mentioned.

One Pillar Pagoda is located within the Ba Dinh Square and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum complex

During the time of King Ly, the One Pillar Pagoda was situated in the Thanh Bao village of Quang Duc district, west of the Thang Long Imperial Citadel. Today, the temple is located in the park behind Ong Ich Khiem Street, right next to the Ba Dinh Square complex – Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, in Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.

Significance and Legend of One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi

More than just an ordinary temple, One Pillar Pagoda holds a special significance as it represents the lotus flower that King Thai Tong dreamt of being offered by Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva. It was also the chosen place for the king to conduct religious ceremonies on full moon days and the first day of every lunar month, praying for the nation’s peace and prosperity.

The temple was constructed during the reign of King Le Thai Tong

Legend has it that King Ly Thai Tong was a devout Buddhist and follower of the Vajrayana sect. During his reign, Buddhism was flourishing, and he constructed 95 new temples and renovated all the Buddha statues. Particularly, during major Buddhist festivals, the king exempted taxes for the entire population.

One night in 1049, King Ly Thai Tong dreamt of Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva gifting him a shining lotus flower. Upon awakening, he recounted the dream to his court officials. Subsequently, he, along with the Zen monk Thien Tue, who had guided him, decided to build a temple to honor Avalokiteshvara, which is the present-day One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi.

History of the Formation of One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi

In 1049, King Ly Thai Tong ordered the construction of One Pillar Pagoda. During the reign of King Ly Nhan Tong, it was refurbished, and the Linh Chieu Pond was added to the complex. Additionally, a gilded copper lotus was placed atop the column. Within the lotus, there is a purple-painted shrine with a sculpted divine bird on the roof, housing a gilded statue of Avalokiteshvara.

Throughout the generations, One Pillar Pagoda has retained its ancient charm, becoming a popular tourist attraction
Throughout the generations, One Pillar Pagoda has retained its ancient charm, becoming a popular tourist attraction

Over the centuries, the temple underwent numerous renovations and restorations during the Tran, Later Le, and Nguyen dynasties. In 1954, before the French forces withdrew from Hanoi, they planted explosives to destroy the temple. In 1955, the Ministry of Culture undertook the temple’s reconstruction based on the design by the renowned architect Nguyen Ba Lang, but on a smaller scale.

Reference: Introduction to Hanoi – The Land of a Thousand Years of Culture

What Makes One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi Special?

One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi stands out as unlike any other Buddhist stupa, and though not large in size, it carries a profound humanistic philosophy. Its beauty combines the aura of ancient reverence with the grace and delicacy of Buddhism. The temple, with its square shape, is entirely constructed from wood and tiled with ceramic tiles. Each side measures 3 meters, and it sits atop a stone pillar with a diameter of 1.2 meters, rising to a height of 4 meters (excluding the submerged portion under the water) – the most distinctive feature of the temple. The upper part of the pillar features eight wooden petals resembling the blooming of a lotus flower. The temple’s roof has a fiery crescent moon face with a dragon’s head embracing the moon.

The Three-Gate Entrance of One Pillar Pagoda

According to the Hanoi travel experience, when visiting One Pillar Pagoda, you must pass through the Three-Gate Entrance. In reality, this is a relatively recent expansion constructed in the past few years to accommodate the needs of visitors and worshippers during festivals and holidays. The Three-Gate Entrance consists of two levels with three pathways, with the central door being the largest and serving as the main entrance. At a glance, it resembles the architectural style of traditional Vietnamese communal houses and temples.

The Three-Gate Entrance of One Pillar Pagoda.

The Staircase Leading to the Main Shrine of One Pillar Pagoda

From the courtyard to the main Liên Hoa Đài shrine for chanting and worship, visitors must ascend 13 steps, each approximately 1.4 meters wide. These stairs date back to the time of the Ly dynasty and still retain the ancient charm of the architectural style of that era. Additionally, on both sides of the staircase, there are brick walls adorned with stone tablets that introduce the history of the temple.

The staircase leading to the main shrine of One Pillar Pagoda.

The Altar of Quan The Am Bodhisattva

The altar of Quan The Am Bodhisattva is placed in the central position within the Liên Hoa Đài shrine. The seated statue is positioned at the highest point, sitting on a golden-painted wooden lotus, surrounded by flower vases, bronze vessels, and offerings.

The altar of Quan The Am Bodhisattva.

The Bodhi Tree in One Pillar Pagoda’s Courtyard

Not only is One Pillar Pagoda one of the 25 most famous temples in Hanoi, but it also bears witness to numerous historical events and diplomatic relations between Vietnam and other countries. When visiting the temple, you will notice a tall Bodhi tree in the courtyard. This tree was a gift personally given by the President of India to President Ho Chi Minh during a visit in February 1958. The Bodhi tree is where Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment. The presence of these old, shading trees further enhances the temple’s tranquility and mystical atmosphere.

The Bodhi tree in the courtyard of One Pillar Pagoda.

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Exploring One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi: One Pillar Pagoda Travel Tips

What are the opening hours of Hanoi, and is there an entrance fee?

As One Pillar Pagoda is located within the vicinity of Ba Dinh Square and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, its opening hours depend on this area. To visit this unique temple, tourists can enter from 7:00 AM to 6:00 PM. The duration of the visit typically ranges from 1 to 3 hours.

Regarding the entrance fee, if you are a Vietnamese citizen, admission to the temple is free. However, for foreign tourists, the fee is 25,000 VND per person.

Domestic tourists will be eligible for free admission to visit

Directions to One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi

There are several ways to reach One Pillar Pagoda; you can go by car, motorcycle, or bus. Some bus routes that can take you to the temple include bus numbers 09, 16, 22, and 34. If you’re traveling on your own, head north to the Hanoi Post Office. At this point, take the first exit at the roundabout onto Dinh Tien Hoang Street. Continue left at DC Gallery onto Hang Gai, and as you pass Hang Bong, you will come across Authentic Battrang – Ceramic shop. Then, proceed straight across Xoi Cam and turn onto Dien Bien Phu Street. The road intersects with Hung Vuong and Ong Ich Khiem, and right next to it is the destination you’re looking for.

Additionally, if you are traveling with family and friends or international guests who want to explore One Pillar Pagoda and many other attractions in Hanoi, you can choose to rent a private car with a driver in Hanoi from’s. With the private car service in Hanoi, you will be picked up from your hotel, and there will be no extra waiting charges while you explore. The professional and experienced team of drivers will ensure you have a safe and comfortable journey.

What to Eat and Where to Eat When Visiting One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi?

When you come to visit One Pillar Pagoda in Hanoi, you don’t need to worry about what to eat because this destination is located in the city center, just a few kilometers from the central streets. Therefore, there are plenty of dining options in the vicinity. Tourists can explore the street food at the Night Market in the Walking Street area, Japanese and Vietnamese restaurants on Cao Ba Quat Street, Le Hong Phong Street, and many more. You can enjoy a variety of delicious dishes, from savory food to ice cream, coffee, and desserts.

While there are many grand religious architectural complexes throughout the country, One Pillar Pagoda remains a familiar destination that tourists visiting Hanoi never forget to visit. For the residents of the capital city, it’s a tranquil place to escape their everyday worries.

Dubbed as the “miniature Opéra Garnier in Paris” within the heart of the capital, Hanoi Opera House is a favored destination for numerous visitors. This edifice holds the designation of a National Historical Monument, boasting a unique architecture intertwined with significant events of the capital city.

The following article provides some information about Hanoi Opera House, hoping to aid you in your exploration of Hanoi, encouraging you to visit and experience the architectural space and complete performances at the grand theater.

Introduction to Hanoi Opera House.

Where is Hanoi Opera House located?

Hanoi Opera House is situated at the central location, 1 Trang Tien Street, Hoan Kiem District, within the August Revolution Square, at the intersection of Trang Tien Street, Phan Chu Trinh Street, and Ly Thai To – Le Thanh Tong Streets, close to Hoan Kiem Lake and the Vietnamese History Museum.

The Hanoi Opera House is located at the August Revolution Square.

The history of the formation of Hanoi Opera House.

Hanoi Opera House was constructed by the French between 1901 and 1911. This is the venue for presenting extravagant classical artistic performances such as opera, chamber music, drama… catering to the aristocracy and upper class of the past.

According to historian Duong Trung Quoc, “Hanoi Opera House’s value isn’t solely architectural. More broadly, since the early 20th century, it also witnessed the first “encounters” between Vietnam and Western culture, specifically music and stage arts.”

Visual materials about the Hanoi Opera House.

In 1945, the August Revolution succeeded. The theater became a gathering place for the Government, the Army, artistic circles, and more; the Opera House Square also hosted numerous important historical events.

In the mid-1990s, in preparation for the 7th Summit of the Francophone Community held in Hanoi in November 1997, our country’s government decided to restore the Opera House with a budget of 156 billion VND.

In 2011, Hanoi Opera House and the August Revolution Square were recognized as national historical and architectural monuments by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. On December 9, 2011, Hanoi Opera House celebrated its 100th anniversary since its inception.

See More: Introduction to Hanoi – A Land of Thousand Years of Civilization

Transportation to Hanoi Opera House.

Hanoi Opera House is located right in the center of the capital city, so visitors can reach here using various modes of transportation such as:

  • Personal vehicles: If traveling by car, motorbike, taxi, etc., visitors can refer to the route from Le Thai To Street – Hang Trong Street – Hang Khay Street – Trang Tien Street – August Revolution Square Roundabout – Hanoi Opera House.
  • Public transportation: If taking the bus, visitors should catch buses with stops near Hanoi Opera House, such as routes number 02, 35A, 43, 49, 55A, and 86CT. Additionally, visitors can opt for the double-decker bus Hanoi City Tour for a unique experience. The double-decker bus departs from Dong Kinh Nghia Thuc Square, passes through the August Revolution Square, and arrives at Hanoi Opera House.
  • Private car with a driver: For international visitors traveling in groups of friends or family, choosing to rent a private vehicle with a driver is a good option. Opting for a private car with a driver in Hanoi from’s provides you with flexibility in transportation. Additionally, after visiting Hanoi Opera House, you can explore other places in the capital city such as the Temple of Literature, Hoan Kiem Lake, Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, etc.

The main activities of the Hanoi Opera House.

Since its establishment, the Hanoi Opera House has held a role as one of the capital’s most culturally significant centers. It is a venue for frequent cultural activities and artistic performances by both Vietnamese and international artistic groups. Specifically:

  • Organizing cultural and artistic activities that serve important political and social missions of the Party and the State.
  • Hosting cultural, artistic, conference, seminar, and press conference events on national and international scales according to the plans of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
  • Organizing high-quality cultural and artistic activities.
The Stage of Hanoi Opera House – where frequent prestigious artistic performances take place

The Hanoi Opera House is an ideal performing venue in the capital city. From just 17 performances in the year 2000, in the early 2010s, the venue saw an average of 400 performances per year, welcoming over 140 international artistic groups.

Architecture of Hanoi Opera House.

Hanoi Opera House is constructed following the model of the Opéra Garnier in Paris, albeit with a smaller scale and utilizing materials suitable for our country’s climate.

The structure has a length of 87 meters, an average width of 30 meters, the highest point of the roof reaching 34 meters above the ground, and a construction area of around 2,600 square meters.

Inside Hanoi Opera House

The layout of Hanoi Opera House is divided into three distinct sections. The first space upon entry is the main hall with a T-shaped staircase made of stone leading to the second floor.

On the second floor, the mirrored room is where important ceremonies take place, including the signing of governmental documents or the reception of high-profile figures.

The subsequent space in the opera house is the auditorium measuring 24 x 24 meters with a large stage, three tiers of seats, totaling 598 seats designed in the classical 19th-century French style.

Finally, behind the stage are 18 dressing rooms for actors, 2 rehearsal rooms, as well as offices, a library, meeting rooms, and more.

Auditorium Space

The prominent front façade of the opera house features rows of Ionic Roman columns, topped by curved roof peaks adorned with stone tiles, resembling the architectural principles of the Renaissance that are emphasized.

However, the sinuous curves of the balconies combined with the vaulted form above the entrance highlight Baroque elements. The canopy over the entrance for vehicles on both sides follows the Art Nouveau style.

Tourists checking in at Hanoi Opera House

Above the opera house, the intricate arrangement of the black stone-tiled roof is meticulously organized, incorporating various forms that evoke a sense of Neo-Classical French spirit. All these amalgamations create an impression of a Neo-Classical architectural masterpiece with values not only in terms of architecture but also artistic embellishment.

Hanoi Opera House Ticket Prices 2023.

Currently, Hanoi Opera House offers combined sightseeing and artistic performance tours. Visitors can choose from the following tour options:

Sightseeing Tour of Hanoi Opera House:

  • Ticket Price: 120,000 VND per person;
  • Tour Duration: 70 minutes per session;
  • Tour Schedule: Monday to Sunday (except Fridays);
  • Time Frame: 10:30 AM – 12:00 PM.

Combined Sightseeing and Artistic Performance Tour:

  • Ticket Price: 400,000 VND per person;
  • Tour Duration: 90 minutes per session;
  • Tour Schedule: Every Monday and Thursday;
  • Time Frame: 10:30 AM – 12:00 PM.

For those interested in attending performances at Hanoi Opera House, tickets can be purchased starting from 300,000 VND per person.

The performance schedule at Hanoi Opera House is fully updated on the website: For those interested in performances and ticket prices, you can visit the provided website address to access the most essential information.

Some Restaurants Near Hanoi Opera House.

Located in the most prime area of the capital city, Hanoi Opera House is surrounded by countless dining spots for food enthusiasts to choose from. After your exploration, you can indulge in renowned Hanoi delicacies in the vicinity, such as Wild Duck Salad, Crab Soup with Thick Rice Noodles, Fermented Shrimp Paste with Tofu and Rice Noodles, Savory Sticky Rice, and Hai Phong Mixed Rice Paper…

Bun Dau – a specialty dish of Hanoi

Here are some excellent eateries near Hanoi Opera House that you should consider visiting:

  • Vit Hai Lan – Vit Co Van Dinh: Alley 49A Tran Quoc Toan, Tran Hung Dao Ward, Hoan Kiem District.
  • Bun Dau Met Nha Hat Lon: No. 1 Trang Tien Street, Trang Tien Ward, Hoan Kiem District.
  • Banh Canh Ghe 6: No. 5 Pham Su Manh Street, Trang Tien Ward, Hoan Kiem District.
  • Xoi Yen: No. 35B Nguyen Huu Huan Street, Ly Thai To Ward, Hoan Kiem District.

Hotels near Hanoi Opera House.

Hilton Opera Hotel.

Located approximately 50 meters from Hanoi Opera House, the Hilton Opera Hotel is a structure designed by a French architect.

With classic features such as tall columns and Mansard roofs, the modern Hilton Opera Hotel not only preserves the architectural ambiance of the square but also enhances the beauty of the opera house.

This 5-star hotel is situated in a secure area, offering remarkable amenities and experiences.

  • Address: 1 Le Thanh Tong Street, Phan Chu Trinh Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.
Hilton Opera Hotel

Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi Hotel.

One of the most luxurious and renowned hotels in Hanoi, Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi is not only a place for tourists but also hosts important conferences for heads of state.

The hotel’s unique architecture combines French colonial elements with modern touches, creating a space of elegance and prestige.

  • Address: 15 Ngo Quyen Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.

La Sinfonia del Rey Hotel and Spa.

A lakeside hotel in the Hoan Kiem District of Hanoi, just a few minutes’ walk from the Thang Long Water Puppet Theater.

Alongside a spa offering various treatments, this hotel includes a restaurant and a bar/lounge area. Especially noteworthy, La Sinfonia del Rey Hotel and Spa has 8 therapy rooms, including rooms designed for couples seeking relaxation.

  • Address: 33-35 Hang Dau Street, Ly Thai To Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.

Capella Hanoi Hotel.

Capella Hanoi boasts opulent architecture inspired by Hanoi Opera House. When viewed from the front, the hotel resembles a gem along the city’s most elegant and beautiful avenue.

Offering refined and luxurious services tailored for each guest, Capella Hanoi promises to provide experiences that any discerning visitor would cherish when visiting this magical land.

  • Address: 11 Le Phung Hieu Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.

These are some of the hotels located near Hanoi Opera House. However, they are relatively expensive due to their prime locations. If you wish to stay near Hanoi Opera House without breaking the bank, you can also consider hotels or guesthouses in the Hoan Kiem District with more affordable prices.


If it’s your first time traveling to Sapa, you might wonder how to get from Hanoi to Sapa and how long it takes. Refer to the article below from to find the answers. They will provide suggestions for various transportation options from Hanoi to Sapa and different tour options for you to consider and choose from.

A Brief Overview of Sapa – The Misty Town.

Sapa is a district within Lao Cai Province, situated in the Northwestern mountainous region of Vietnam. Positioned at an elevation ranging from 1,500m to 1,650m above sea level, the town is shrouded in mist throughout the year. Sapa is a tourist hotspot that draws in a multitude of visitors who come to explore its challenging terrain and enchanting beauty. Stepping foot in Sapa during the early morning can make tourists feel as if they are floating amidst the clouds. The scenery is both romantic and mystical, resembling a realm of paradise on Earth. Additionally, Sapa boasts a temperate climate all year round, allowing visitors to come at any time of the year.

Sapa – The Misty Town

How far is Sapa from Hanoi?

Sapa is a highland town located in Lao Cai Province, Vietnam, and it’s approximately 38km away from the center of Lao Cai City and about 370km away from Hanoi.

The distance from Hanoi to Sapa is approximately 370 kilometers (about 230 miles).

Distances from Hanoi to Sapa via different routes:

  • Route 1: Noi BaiLao Cai Expressway (via Nhat Tan Bridge): approximately 320km.
  • Route 2: National Highway 70 (the main route to the Northwestern provinces): approximately 390km.
  • Route 3: National Highway 32 (via Mù Cang Chải): approximately 455km.

Usually, drivers tend to choose the Noi Bai – Lao Cai Expressway route due to its shorter distance and more favorable traffic conditions.

Means of Traveling from Hanoi to Sapa.

Traveling from Hanoi to Sapa by Motorcycle.

If you’re fond of conquering breathtaking routes, you can embark on a motorcycle journey from Hanoi to Sapa following the guidelines below:

Taking the Lao Cai Route:

  • Option 1: Hanoi – Vinh Phuc – Viet Tri – Phong Chau – Doan Hung – Yen Bai – Lao Cai – Sapa (Total distance approximately 360km).
  • Option 2: Hanoi – Hoa Lac – Son Tay – Trung Ha Bridge – Phong Chau Bridge – Phong Chau – Doan Hung – along National Highway 70 – Lao Cai – Sapa (Total distance approximately 370km).
Riding a motorcycle allows you to travel through some incredibly beautiful routes

Taking the Lai Chau Route:

  • Route: Hanoi – Hoa Lac – Son Tay – Thanh Son – along National Highway 32 – Sapa (Total distance over 420km).


  • You should have good physical health to tackle the long journey of hundreds of kilometers. Carry along some snacks (biscuits, chocolates, etc.) and drinks.
  • Opt for motorcycle travel from Hanoi to Sapa on sunny days for convenient movement and safety assurance.
  • It’s advisable to travel in a group for mutual assistance when needed.
  • Remember to fill up the fuel tank, thoroughly check the motorcycle, and always adhere to traffic safety regulations.

Private Car Hanoi To Sapa

Another option for you to consider is a private car. Opting for a private car is highly suitable for international travelers, groups of friends, families, elderly individuals, or young children, as it provides comfort and flexibility during the travel time.

A private car provides you with a flexible and comfortable journey

The private car service in Hanoi by’s, with a team of professional drivers who have served international tourists for many years, will offer you the safest and most comfortable journey. Additionally, with our private car service, you will have flexibility in your travel schedule. Along the way, you can make stops for sightseeing and enjoy coffee breaks that are not possible with bus or train travel. Reserve your trip from Hanoi to Sapa with a private car from’s today.

Traveling from Hanoi to Sapa by Coach / Limousine.

After the completion of the Hanoi – Lao Cai expressway, more and more companies are operating on this route. You can take a sleeper coach / limousine / long-distance taxi from Hanoi to Sapa, with a travel time of about 4 – 6 hours. Booking options include: online reservations through various websites, direct ticket purchase at counters, or contacting the transport companies. Ticket prices for the Hanoi – Sapa route range from 230,000 to 400,000 VND per one-way ticket, depending on the transport company.

There are many high-quality coach services operating on the Hanoi – Sapa route, so you can completely rest assured.

Some reputable and quality bus companies operating on the Hanoi – Sapa route:

Sao Viet Bus Company:

  • Ticket Price: 350,000 VND/one-way
  • Departure Times: 07:00, 08:30, 09:30, 10:30, 11:30

Fansipan Express Bus Company:

  • Ticket Price: 250,000 VND/one-way
  • Departure Times: 07:50, 22:00

King Express Bus Company:

  • Ticket Price: 250,000 VND/one-way
  • Departure Times: 07:50, 22:00

Luxury Van Limousine Company:

  • Ticket Price: 370,000 VND/one-way
  • Departure Times: 07:10, 07:40, 08:10

Traveling from Hanoi to Lao Cai by Train.

The final option on the list of “how to travel from Hanoi to Sapa” is by train. Trains run only from the center of Hanoi to Lao Cai City. For the remaining 35km journey from Lao Cai City to Sapa town, you can rent a motorcycle, take a taxi, or use a car for transportation.

  • Departure point: Tran Quy Cap Station – Hanoi.
  • Train types: SP Train (fast) and LC Train (slow).
  • Total travel time: approximately 8 hours.
  • Departure time: 21:00 – 22:00 from Hanoi to Lao Cai.
  • Seat types: hard seats, soft seats, air-conditioned sleeping berths, etc.
  • Train ticket prices for Hanoi – Lao Cai: 150,000 – 1,200,000 VND per passenger.
  • Cost of transportation from Lao Cai Station to Sapa: about 50,000 VND per passenger.

Useful tip: It’s advisable to book your tickets 1 – 2 weeks in advance to avoid the possibility of tickets being sold out. If you’re inclined to follow the “Instagrammable” trend on the vintage train, consider preparing costumes and a camera to capture the experience!

There are four train trips from Hanoi to Lao Cai every night

Purchasing Tickets through Vietnam Railways.

Another option is to buy sleeper or hard/soft seat tickets directly from Vietnam Railways. You can use the official website of Vietnam Railways (there are also fake websites, so be cautious) or buy tickets directly at the Hanoi station.

Buying tickets through:

Tickets are slightly cheaper when purchased directly. Hard and soft seats are also available (at 135,000 VND and 180,000 VND respectively).

Where to Board the Train

Hanoi has several different train stations. Both SP1 and SP3 depart from Hanoi Train Station at Van Mieu (near Van Mieu). Check the exact location here on Google Maps.

If you have a ticket issued by Vietnam Railways, you should go to the main A gate at Le Duan Street. No procedures are necessary—just present your e-ticket to the attendant when boarding the train.

What are the Trains Like?

Many people choose the train thinking there will be scenic views along the way. The journey from Hanoi to Sapa indeed passes through some of the most beautiful parts of Vietnam, but the train journey is at night, so in reality, you don’t see much.

The trains themselves are basic but comfortable enough. They are quite noisy and bumpy as the train runs overnight. Don’t expect to get a full night’s sleep! Bedding is provided, but there are no dining trolleys, so you should bring your own food (snacks and drinks can be purchased on the train) along with essentials you’d need for a standard train journey.

There is plenty of luggage space on the trains. Technically, each passenger is limited to one 20kg bag, but this rule is not strictly enforced.

When is the Best Time to Visit Sapa?

Sapa is a picturesque town in Lao Cai Province, located in the Northwestern mountainous region of Vietnam. With an average elevation of 1,500m – 1,800m, the climate carries many characteristics of the temperate zone.

The most suitable times to visit Sapa are from September to November or from March to May. During these periods, the temperature is relatively stable, not too hot nor too cold, making it ideal for sightseeing and exploration.

Snowfall Season in Sapa

Moreover, if you enjoy experiencing snowfall, then visit Sapa in winter (from December to February of the Gregorian calendar). At this time, temperatures are very low and can drop below 0°C, with the possibility of beautiful snowfall in various places.

Captivating Destinations in Sapa.

Sapa is often referred to as a place where “heaven meets earth.” It is beloved for its majestic natural landscapes and the convergence of diverse cultures of ethnic minorities living in the area.

Visiting Sapa, you’ll have the opportunity to conquer the peak of Fansipan Mountain, known as the “Roof of Indochina,” and admire vibrant flowers on Ham Rong Mountain and the valley of roses.

Mount Fansipan – the Roof of Indochina

Tourists will have the chance to explore renowned destinations such as Silver Waterfall, Heaven’s Gate, Stone Church, Cat Cat Village, Ta Van, Ta Phin, Love Waterfall, and more.

Additionally, visitors will get to savor delicious local specialties such as salmon, stone moss, armpit-pig meat, bitter bamboo shoot soup, kitchen-range buffalo meat, corn wine, grilled dishes, and more.

Above are the transportation options you can use to travel from Hanoi to Sapa. Please consider your schedule, ticket prices, and personal preferences. This will help you choose the most suitable mode of transportation for yourself.