If Hanoi is the economic and cultural center of Vietnam, then President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum is the heart of the capital. Not only is it a cultural and historical landmark, but it is also a famous tourist attraction that attracts visitors from both inside and outside the country who wish to show their gratitude to the beloved father of the Vietnamese nation. Here, you can directly see Uncle Ho, admire the vast scenery of the square, and explore many surrounding attractions. If you are planning a trip to Hanoi and intend to visit President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum but are unsure about the timing, regulations, etc., then take note of the following instructions to ensure a smooth journey.

Learn about President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

Location of President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, also known as Uncle Ho’s Mausoleum, is the final resting place and memorial site of the esteemed leader Ho Chi Minh. The construction of the mausoleum commenced on September 2, 1973, and was completed in 1975 on the site of the former Ba Dinh Square. Presently, the mausoleum is located at 2 Hung Vuong Street, Dien Bien Ward, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.

The President Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is located directly behind Ba Dinh Square, a historical site

Architecture of President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum is constructed with tens of thousands of cubic meters of stone, with a total height of 21.6 meters and a width of 41.2 meters. Its structure consists of three layers: the bottom and the top are in a three-tiered shape, while the middle layer houses the sarcophagus, corridors, and stairs. The outer surface is clad in gray granite, while the interior is made of polished red and gray stone. Besides the surface and the floor, the stairs are adorned with granite. The main door is covered in glossy black stone, and the walls and columns are made of marble. The inscription “Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh” is composed of stone from the Cao Bang region.

This is a meticulously constructed structure made from stone

The room of President Ho Chi Minh is specifically lined with marble from Ha Tay. The two large flags of the Party and the Fatherland are assembled from 4,000 pieces of ruby stone taken from Thanh Hoa. The images of the hammer and sickle and the five-pointed star are crafted from brightly colored marble. The two sets of wooden doors were sent by compatriots from the South and were crafted by artisans from Nghe An, Nam Ha, and Ha Bac. With such scale and meticulousness, President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum deserves to be considered the greatest cultural and artistic work in Vietnam.

Does President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum sell tickets for visiting?

According to regulations, there is no entrance fee for visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum. Both Vietnamese citizens and foreign tourists do not have to pay any fees when visiting the mausoleum to pay respects to Uncle Ho, including the surrounding areas such as Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi, the One Pillar Pagoda, and the Ho Chi Minh Museum.

Experience of visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

Schedule and opening hours of President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum in Hanoi

According to the travel experience in Hanoi, to meet the needs of tourists, organizations, and delegations from many places around the world coming to visit, President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum opens on all days of the week, except Monday and Friday. If it falls on holidays/festivals, it still opens as usual. However, the opening hours will vary between weekdays and holidays, weekends, and also depend on the season.

  • Summer season (from April 1 to October 31): The mausoleum opens to welcome visitors at 7:30 a.m. and closes at 10:30 a.m. On weekends and holidays, visitors are allowed until 11:00 a.m.
  • Cold season (from November 1 to March 31 of the following year): The mausoleum opens at 8:00 a.m. and closes at 11:00 a.m. on weekdays, and closes at 11:30 a.m. on holidays and weekends.

How to get to President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum?

To travel to President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, you can use both private and public transportation. If you’re using private transportation, you can park your vehicle at Ông Ích Khiêm Street (opposite the Ministry of Defense) or at 19 Ngọc Hà Street near the entrance gate of the Ho Chi Minh Museum.

For those using public transportation, you can take bus numbers 09, 18, 22, 33, 45, or 50. These bus routes all stop at 18A Lê Hồng Phong – the closest stop to the mausoleum. Additionally, you can also consider using the double-decker Your Vacation Travel buses for added convenience in transportation.

Moreover, to facilitate visits to President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum or many other tourist destinations in Hanoi, using a transportation service is necessary. With the private travel car service with driver in Hanoi from DanangPrivateCar.com, you can fulfill that need. With door-to-door transfer service, experienced drivers, and newly equipped cars with drinks and Wi-Fi, you’ll have the best trip to Hanoi. Contact us now to arrange your itinerary.

How to visit President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum?

Visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum is a rendezvous point, a place where the sacred emotions of millions of people from all over the country as well as international tourists converge. Visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum is seen by everyone as an emotional need, a beauty in tradition and customs aimed at expressing gratitude to the roots. All, young and old, from remote areas to the plains, regardless of position or religion, yearn for a visit to Uncle Ho.

Queueing for visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

Upon entering the mausoleum, the first sensation you’ll feel is the solemn and serene atmosphere. Your heart, your eyes will pause and cannot help but be moved and overwhelmed as you stand beside and gaze upon Uncle Ho peacefully resting in eternal sleep.

Visiting surrounding areas around President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

After paying respects at President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, tourists should explore this area in the following order: Stilt House, Uncle Ho’s Fish Pond, Ho Chi Minh Museum, and finally, One Pillar Pagoda. From the entrance gate to the museum, follow the directions of the management board or the crowd ahead. The pathway from the mausoleum to President Ho Chi Minh’s Stilt House is beautiful, with fruit-laden trees, a clear blue pond teeming with colorful fish, and a refreshingly cool atmosphere. You can visit the modest, small house to learn more about the daily life of the leader. Next, explore the museum, where President Ho Chi Minh’s achievements and career during the years of struggle are preserved.

The Ho Chi Minh Museum within the compound of President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

Lastly, visit One Pillar Pagoda – a structure that holds the record for the most unique architecture. The pagoda is also known as the thousand-year-old lotus of the capital, one of the symbols that instantly evoke thoughts of Hanoi. Therefore, if you’re here, take the time to admire its beauty and offer prayers at the pagoda!

Attending the flag raising and lowering ceremony at President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

In front of President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum stands a 29-meter flagpole, where the flag raising and lowering ceremony, a national-level ritual, takes place every morning and evening. The flag raising ceremony begins at 6 a.m. At this time, the procession starts from behind the mausoleum, led by the Victory Flag, followed by a squad of 34 soldiers. The procession moves in a circle to the tune of the song “Advancing under the flag,” heading towards the flagpole. Three soldiers in red uniforms step forward to prepare for the flag raising rituals, and at this moment, the mausoleum’s door opens. Upon the command, the flag is hoisted and flies accompanied by singing. The flag is raised to the top of the pole, and the squad of soldiers marches around the mausoleum before concluding the ceremony.

Attending the flag-raising and lowering ceremony at President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

At 9 p.m. on the same day, the flag lowering ceremony takes place, following a similar protocol to the flag raising ceremony. The flag ceremony is conducted with great solemnity and reverence to uphold the image of the red flag with a yellow star of the Fatherland and demonstrate respect for the country.

Notes when visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum

  • President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum is a solemn place with political significance, so pay attention to your attire. Avoid wearing revealing or overly short clothing, it’s best to dress neatly and respectfully to show your reverence.
  • Maintain orderliness when entering the mausoleum, walk lightly, speak softly, and queue up properly to wait your turn for visiting. Avoid speaking loudly, especially joking around, and remember to remove your hat, and refrain from putting your hands in your pockets.
  • Photography and filming inside the mausoleum are not allowed to ensure the safety of the mausoleum and the remains of the person. Especially, absolutely do not bring food or drinks from outside.
  • If you want to skip the queue when visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, you can apply for a special permit from the Command Headquarters, but remember to apply at least 2-3 days in advance.
  • Children under 3 years old are not allowed inside the mausoleum (according to the regulations of the Mausoleum), so if you have young children with you, make arrangements for someone to look after them if you wish to enter.

Visiting President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum is an interesting experience in your journey to explore Hanoi. If you are from afar and have not had the opportunity to visit yet, remember these tips and plan your trip to see President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum with your own eyes!

Traveling in Hanoi offers numerous beautiful and enticing destinations for tourists. Among them, Ngoc Son Temple is always a top choice for visitors. In the following article, DanangPrivateCar.com’s shares with everyone the travel experience to Ngoc Son Temple that tourists should not miss.

Introduction to Ngoc Son Temple

Location: Ngoc Island, Hoan Kiem Lake, Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Hang Trong Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Ticket prices for reference:

  • Adults: 30,000 VND/person
  • Children under 15 years old: Free admission

Ngoc Son Temple is located on Ngoc Island, in the northeast of Hoan Kiem Lake. This structure, combined with the Turtle Tower, forms the most famous cultural and historical complex in Hanoi, featured in many literary works and artworks. Despite being situated in the bustling capital, attracting many visitors, Ngoc Son Temple maintains its tranquility, solemnity, and profoundly sacred atmosphere.

Ngoc Son Temple is a renowned landmark within the Hoan Kiem Lake heritage area

When to visit Ngoc Son Temple?

Ngoc Son Temple is a spiritual tourism destination, so tourists can visit and make offerings at the temple. For tourism to Ngoc Son Temple in Hanoi, tourists should visit at the beginning of the year to pray for luck, health, and success. Tourists can visit Ngoc Son Temple at any time of the year to explore and admire the scenery at the temple.

The Construction History of Ngoc Son Temple

Ngoc Son Temple was built to worship Hung Dao Dai Vuong Tran Quoc Tuan and the patron saint of literary and scholarly accomplishments, Van Xuong De Quan. Additionally, Buddhist altars and Confucian shrines were also placed within the temple. This structure was built in an architectural style that clearly reflects the ancient Vietnamese belief in the unity of Three Religions (Tam Giao Dong Nguyen), representing the convergence of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. Familiar imagery such as couplets, horizontal lacquered boards, and decorative arrangements all vividly demonstrate this.

Old photos of Ngoc Son Temple before restoration

Ngoc Son Temple was originally constructed around the early 19th century to worship Quan De, a deity believed to suppress evil and bring blessings according to the beliefs of the people at that time. When King Ly Thai To relocated the capital to Thang Long, he named this temple Ngoc Tuong. Later, during the Tran dynasty, the temple was renamed Ngoc Son. At this time, the temple became a place of worship for the valiant martyrs who fought and sacrificed in the resistance against the Yuan-Mongol invaders. Some time later, the temple collapsed due to an unstable foundation.

During the reign of King Vinh Huu of the Le dynasty, Lord Trinh Giang ordered the construction of Khanh Thuy Palace and added two earth mounds on the eastern shore of Hoan Kiem Lake, opposite the original location of Ngoc Son Temple. By the end of the Le dynasty, Khanh Thuy Palace was partially destroyed, so the people of Ta Khanh village collectively rebuilt it, naming it Khanh Thuy Temple.

In the following period, a philanthropist named Tin Trai invested in building Ngoc Son Pagoda at the old location of Khanh Thuy Palace. Later, the pagoda was transferred to another philanthropic association, renamed Tam Thanh Temple. The association decided to abandon the bell tower, rebuild the main halls, rooms, and install a statue of Van Xuong De Quan, officially renaming it Ngoc Son Temple.

In 1865, Confucian scholar Nguyen Van Sieu renovated Ngoc Son Temple, added surrounding land, built sturdy stone embankments, erected the Pen Tower, the Ink Slab, built the Trấn Ba Pavilion to the south, and the The Huc Bridge connecting the eastern shore to the temple.

Guide to Getting to Ngoc Son Temple

Because Ngoc Son Temple is located in the city center, getting there is quite easy, and you can travel by either self-driving or public transportation.

If you’re traveling by private vehicle, you can choose one of the following routes:

  • Route 1: Kham Thien → Tran Hung Dao → Hang Bai → Dinh Tien Hoang
  • Route 2: Giang Vo → Nguyen Thai Hoc → Hai Ba Trung → Dinh Tien Hoang
  • Route 3: Dai Co Viet → Hue Street → Dinh Tien Hoang

If you prefer the convenience of traveling by bus, you can choose from the routes suggested by DanangPrivateCar.com:

  • Route 08: Departing from Long Bien bus station
  • Route 14: Departing from Co Nhue
  • Route 31: Departing from Bach Khoa University
  • Route 36: Departing from Long Bien transfer point

Furthermore, if you’re looking for door-to-door transportation and want to explore multiple tourist destinations, choosing a tour car rental service with a driver in Hanoi from DanangPrivateCar.com’s will help you save costs and time during your trip. With a team of professional drivers and many years of experience, you’ll have the safest and most comfortable journey. Additionally, with transparent pricing and no hidden fees, you can avoid overcharging situations when choosing public services in Vietnam. Book with us today to arrange your itinerary in advance.

Explore the Beauty of Ngoc Son Temple

The Huc Bridge

The Huc Bridge, painted in vermilion, curved like a shrimp, leads to Ngoc Son Temple, as familiar as the sentences we learn in textbooks. This bridge is built of wood, prominently painted in red. It is the only way for you to enter Ngoc Son Temple and is also a very famous check-in spot in Hanoi. Especially at night when lit up, the beauty of The Huc Bridge becomes even more mystical.

The nighttime beauty of The Huc Bridge

Visit the Pen Tower – Ink Slab

Right in front of Ngoc Son Temple’s entrance, you will see the image of a five-story tower built of stone blocks, and that is the Pen Tower. This structure was built in 1865, located on Ngoc Boi Mountain. On the top of the Pen Tower are inscribed three characters “Ta Thanh Thien,” meaning “Writing on the blue sky,” expressing the significance of knowledge being able to master nature and the heavens.

The Pen Tower – Ink Slab embodies the spirit of studiousness of the Vietnamese people

At the foot of the Pen Tower is an inkwell-shaped ink slab cut in half vertically, this is the Ink Slab. Below the Ink Slab are three turtle-shaped pedestals, with a poem carved on the body by Confucian scholar Nguyen Van Sieu. At noon, when the sun is directly overhead, the Pen Tower will cast a shadow onto the Ink Slab, creating a very impressive image.

Discover the Architecture of Ngoc Son Temple

Despite undergoing several renovations, the architecture of Ngoc Son Temple still retains its characteristic traditional beauty. As you walk from the outer gate, you will see a wall decorated with images of dragons and tigers, with two couplets in Chinese characters above, demonstrating the Vietnamese people’s thirst for knowledge.

Two exquisite horizontal lacquered boards stand proudly at the temple entrance

After crossing The Huc Bridge, the first structure you’ll see is the Moon Contemplation Pavilion. The design of the Moon Contemplation Pavilion consists of two arched roofs, adorned with cloud-shaped reliefs at the four corners. Here, there are also two embossed murals: Long Ma Ha Do on the right and Than Qui Lac Thu on the left.

The architecture of Ngoc Son Temple is in the shape of the word “Tam” (Three), consisting of three main areas: the front courtyard, the middle courtyard, and the rear palace. The front courtyard is where people come to worship, with a large incense burner and two large brass cranes erected. The middle courtyard is dedicated to the worship of gods representing knowledge such as Van Xuong, Quan Vu, and La To. The rear palace is where the national hero Tran Hung Dao, who had great merit to the nation, is honored for defeating the Mongol invaders three times.

The interior space of the temple exudes a profound and traditional sacred ambiance

To the south of the Ngoc Son Temple compound, there is a small shrine called Tran Ba (wave-blocking shrine). This shrine is built with a square architecture, eight roofs, and eight support columns. Four outer columns are made of stone and four inner columns are made of wood.

Inside Ngoc Son Temple are also displayed two replicas of the sacred turtle enclosed in glass cases. On the left is a replica of the turtle found deceased in 1967, and on the right is a replica of the turtle found in 2016. The legendary stories of the sacred turtles at Hoan Kiem Lake have fascinated many people when they have the opportunity to witness them with their own eyes.

The preserved specimen of the sacred turtle at Ngoc Son Temple

Notes when visiting Ngoc Son Temple

  • You can visit Ngoc Son Temple any day of the year. However, it can be quite crowded on the first and fifteenth days of the lunar month, so it’s better to choose a regular day when it’s less crowded.
  • When entering the main temple, please note to enter through the side doors and avoid the central door.
  • During the temple visit, tourists should ensure to maintain order, dress modestly, and maintain a solemn attitude.
  • Limit taking photos inside the worship area.

Ngoc Son Temple is a tourist destination that surely no one can overlook when visiting the capital city of Hanoi. Hopefully, with the shared experiences about visiting Ngoc Son Temple here, it will help travelers have a wonderful trip and gain more valuable knowledge about Vietnamese temples.

The thousand-year-old cultural capital of Hanoi carries immense historical and cultural values closely linked to the formation and development of the nation of Vietnam. Among its renowned historical and cultural landmarks are the Temple of Literature, Hoan Kiem Lake, Ngoc Son Temple, Hanoi’s 36 Old Streets, Thang Long Imperial Citadel, and Hoa Lo Prison.

DanangPrivateCar.com’s will take tourists to all these famous tourist spots. However, if you have visited Hanoi for sightseeing and are still curious about the life of the native Hanoians, interested in the daily activities, and the handicraft villages that contribute to the image of Hanoi’s 36 Old Streets, with names like Hang Be, Hang Dao, Hang Gai, Hang Ma, Hang Quat, then exploring the traditional famous craft villages in Hanoi will once again allow you to delve deeper into the thousand-year-old cultural history of ancient Vietnam.

Top Famous Craft Villages in Hanoi

Thach Xa Bamboo Dragonfly-Making Village

  • Location: Approximately 25 km from Hanoi, situated at the foot of Tay Phuong Mountain in Thach Xa commune, Thach That district, Hanoi
  • Transportation: From Hanoi, travelers can go to Gia Lam Bus Station or Giap Bat Bus Station and take a bus to Yen Nghia Bus Station. Then, continue with another bus to Son Tay, asking the driver to stop near Tay Phuong Pagoda. From the main road, it’s a 500m walk along the village road to reach the destination. Additionally, if you wish to find a fast and convenient means of transportation with door-to-door service, you can book a private car service with a driver in Hanoi through DanangPrivateCar.com.

Bamboo has long been a symbol of the northern countryside in Vietnam. The bamboo hedge not only serves as a boundary defining the village’s territory but also holds memories of childhood for those who grew up in these villages away from the city.

From the simple houses of Thach Xa commune, Thach That district, Hanoi, traditional artisans with skilled hands, diligence, and creativity have crafted unique bamboo dragonflies that can perch anywhere due to the principle of gravitational balance.

The vibrant and colorful bamboo dragonflies of Thach Xa

When scientists study dragonflies, they refer to them as “aerial assassins” or “stealth fighters” to emphasize the differences and extraordinary abilities of these insects. This inspiration has led humans to create new technologies based on the incredible flying skills and 360-degree vision of dragonflies. Conservation areas for dragonflies exist worldwide to express gratitude for the benefits dragonflies bring to humanity.

The folk artisans of Phung Xa have created dragonflies from bamboo, simple yet familiar. Most notably, these dragonflies have the remarkable ability to maintain balance on any terrain and material.

The perseverance and meticulousness of these artisans breathe life into the dragonflies, imparting true sensory and spiritual values.

These brightly colored bamboo dragonflies have become popular souvenirs and decorations for many tourists. The cost of purchasing one is very affordable, ranging from 3,000 to 10,000 VND per dragonfly. Additionally, there are other unique bamboo products crafted by artisans in the village, such as bamboo butterflies, bamboo lamps, and decorative lights.

Quang Phu Cau Incense Craft Village

Located approximately 30 km from the center of Hanoi, in Quang Phu Cau commune, Ung Hoa district, Hanoi, this craft village has a history of nearly 100 years. Initially, the incense-making craft was concentrated mainly in Phu Luong Thuong village, but in recent years, this traditional craft has expanded to other villages within the commune, such as Cau Bau and Dao Tu.

As travelers stroll along the roads in the Quang Phu Cau region, about 30km from the center of Hanoi, they are sure to be surprised by the predominant red and brown colors—the colors of incense sticks and their stems. The meticulous and clean stages of incense production reflect the spiritual significance attributed to this craft by the local people, who are particularly careful throughout the process.

The beautiful scenery in Quang Phu Cau Incense Village is truly enchanting and captivates the hearts of those who visit

Starting from basic steps like splitting bamboo (or using bamboo tubes), shaping the sticks, dyeing the tips, forming the stems, drying, and packaging, the artisans invest a great deal of effort. The stage of classifying the incense sticks and arranging them for dyeing the tips is especially crucial in the incense-making process.

While this industry used to rely mainly on manual labor, modern times have seen the introduction of machinery, making the incense-making process more straightforward. The entire village is bathed in a vibrant red color. What sets Quang Phu Cau incense apart from other places is its avoidance of chemical additives, making it exceptionally safe for health.

Renowned Hand Embroidery Craft Village in Hanoi – Quat Dong

  • Address: Quat Dong Commune, Thuong Tin District, Hanoi

In its early days, the craft village of Quat Dong primarily focused on renting out couplets, banners, etc., used for hanging in communal houses and pagodas, as well as for embroidering towels and court costumes. Over time, the craft village diversified its products to include various items such as embroidered paintings, cushions, and clothing. The embroidered works here are meticulously crafted by skilled artisans, carrying profound meanings. As a result, the embroidered products from the craft village in Hanoi – Quat Dong, have successfully been exported to more than 20 countries, including the United Kingdom, France, Thailand, Japan, South Korea, and others.

The scenery outside the Quat Dong Embroidery Village

Bat Trang Ceramic Village

The name Bat Trang originated during the Le dynasty, representing the integration of five famous pottery lineages from the Bo Bat region in Thanh land with the Nguyen lineage in Minh Trang territory. The five major lineages, including Tran, Vuong, Nguyen, Le, and Pham, gathered and decided to send some artisans, pottery craftsmen, and their families to migrate towards the Thang Long capital to seek new opportunities. This marked the beginning of the traditional pottery craft in the Bat Trang area as it is known today.

One of the prominent structures inside Bat Trang Ceramic Village

How to get to Bat Trang Ceramic Village:

By Bus: From Long Bien Transfer Station, travelers can take bus number 47 directly to Bat Trang Ceramic Village, which takes approximately 1.5 hours.

Private Transportation: From the center of Hanoi, cross the Chuong Duong Bridge and turn right following the Red River dike. When you see the sign for Bat Trang Ceramic Village, turn in that direction.

What to explore in Bat Trang:

  • Bat Trang Village Communal House: Located right next to the riverbank.
  • Bat Trang Ceramic Market: Upon entering, visitors will encounter numerous larger-than-life ceramic vases, statues, and flower pots in various sizes and colors. By carefully browsing, one can find unique ceramic products at very reasonable prices. From bowls, cups, plates, miniature landscapes, bonsai pots to souvenirs and ceramic jewelry, the diversity is sure to captivate tourists.
  • Pottery Making Experience: If you have young children in your family, experiencing pottery making in Bat Trang Village will help them better understand the traditional craftsmanship of our country. Many families in Bat Trang offer this service to visiting tourists. The host provides visitors with a large, slightly moist piece of clay and a potter’s wheel. The task for visitors is to freely shape the clay. For those skilled in handcraft, who knows, you might be an undiscovered artisan of the craft? The drying stage takes about 30 minutes, followed by the decorating and glossing stage to enhance the durability of the product over time.
  • Visit the ancient house Van Van – top 10 most beautiful ancient houses in Vietnam: Located at the end of Bat Trang Village, it exhibits many ancient products of Bat Trang Village, such as dragon vases, blue enamel pots, and stamped ceramic molds. It serves as both a repository of ancient artifacts and a simulated workshop for pottery kilns.

Chang Son – Famous Fan Making Craft Village in Hanoi

  • Address: Chang Son Commune, Thach That District, Hanoi

Chang Son Fan Village is a traditional craft village in Hanoi that has existed for hundreds of years. The fans produced here are of high quality, featuring unique shapes and eye-catching colors, made from various materials such as bamboo, fabric, silk, and paper.

The exceptionally beautiful bamboo fan products from Chang Son Fan Village

Especially, the illustrations on each Chang Son fan represent famous landscapes or historical stories about national heroes. Through these artworks, the craftsmen aim to spread the cultural essence of Vietnam to all corners of the world.

Phu Vinh Village – Bamboo Weaving Craft Village in Hanoi

  • Address: Go Dau, Phu Nghia Commune, Chuong My District, Hanoi

Phu Vinh bamboo weaving village is a renowned craft village in Hanoi, known for its traditional bamboo weaving, originating from the mid-17th century. Using familiar materials such as bamboo, rattan, and sedge, skilled artisans craft unique and impressive bamboo products.

Products from Phu Vinh Bamboo Weaving Craft Village

You can encounter Phu Vinh bamboo weaving products everywhere in daily life, including trays, baskets, furniture, cabinets, and artworks.

Van Phuc Silk Village, Ha Dong

Known as Van Phuc Silk Village or Hanoi’s Silk Village, this village is situated along the banks of the Nhue River, in Van Phuc Ward, Ha Dong District, approximately 10 km from the center of Hanoi.

In the past, the village was named Van Bao, but under the Nguyen dynasty, due to a change in officials, it was renamed Van Phuc as it is known today. Van Phuc silk was once the chosen fabric for royal costumes during the Nguyen dynasty and gained significant popularity. From King Khai Dinh to King Bao Dai, all were genuine enthusiasts of this high-quality fabric. Some historical documents and records suggest that this region was established in the year 865 AD, indicating that the silk-weaving craft has existed for over a millennium.

The entrance gate to Van Phuc Village is extremely grand and is constructed in a traditional style.

In the early 20th century, Van Phuc silk was introduced to the international market at the 1931 Marseille Fair in France and the 1932 Paris Fair. Since then, the French have praised this as an exquisite product of Indochina, and the silk was exported to many Eastern European countries on an international scale.

Currently, the village has over 1,000 weaving frames with nearly 800 households engaged in the silk trade, accounting for 60% of the total households residing there.

The ancient silk village is adorned with ancient banyan trees, wells, and communal yards, maintaining long-standing cultural traditions. Visitors can clearly sense the traditional village atmosphere of Vietnam when they come to Van Phuc. Despite the ups and downs of time, Van Phuc silk still preserves its sophisticated, clever, and aesthetically rich features, embodying the elegance of a traditional craft village.

Conical Hat Village – Chuong My

Nestled beside the Day River, the Conical Hat Village is situated in Phuong Trung Commune, Thanh Oai District, Hanoi. Renowned for making conical hats for over three centuries, these hats have become an integral part of the lives of Vietnamese women in rural areas. During market days, mothers and sisters bustlingly go to the market to sell unique handmade products near the Chuong Pagoda area. Buyers and sellers follow one another, carrying with them emotions and aspirations for a bountiful harvest. The rural market atmosphere makes visitors feel like they have stepped back in time to the countryside of yesteryears.

Bell Hat Village

It’s not only the traditional conical hats that visitors can witness but also other hat variations such as conical hats with straps, coconut leaf hats, and palm leaf hats. There are likely no other places in Vietnam with such a diverse range of hats.

The image of Vietnamese women in traditional ao dai dresses adorned with conical hats has inspired countless poems and enamored those who love Vietnamese culture, both domestically and internationally. These simple and rustic conical hats conceal within them an entire art form.

Dao Thuc Village – Unique Water Puppetry Craft Village

  • Address: Thuy Lam Commune, Dong Anh District, Hanoi

Water puppetry is a traditional folk art that has been present in Vietnam for about 300 years. If you want to enjoy interesting water puppet performances imbued with the historical and cultural essence of the country, then visit Dao Thuc water puppet village. The smooth and graceful folk dance movements, performed by skilled artisans, promise to leave you with unforgettable impressions.

Dao Thuc Water Puppet Village

Cage making village Canh Hoạch – Famous craft village in Hanoi, both domestically and internationally.

  • Address: Canh Hoach Village, Dan Hoa Commune, Thanh Oai District, Hanoi

The bird cages from Canh Hoạch village are so renowned that even customers from abroad seek them out to purchase these traditionally famous cages. According to buyers, the bird cages from here are extremely durable, elegant, eye-catching, and come in a variety of sizes and styles. On average, Canh Hoạch bird cages range in price from 500,000 VND to 1,500,000 VND.

Here is a list of the top traditional craft villages in Hanoi that have existed for a long time. If you have the opportunity, at least once, you should visit these destinations to explore the traditional beauty deeply imbued with the cultural essence of the nation.

Save the quick and easy way to travel from Hanoi to Ba Vi to fully enjoy your exploration of the beautiful Hanoi region. Your vacation will be more wonderful than ever when you explore the pristine and majestic nature with many recreational activities at the Ba Vi tourist area.

Overview of Ba Vi

Ba Vi, located in Hanoi, is a district that was part of the former Ha Tay province but has now been incorporated into the administrative unit of the capital city of Hanoi. It is one of the most attractive ecotourism areas in Northern Vietnam, conveniently located close to the city center of Hanoi. This makes traveling from Hanoi to Ba Vi quite convenient, making it an interesting destination for many young travelers or those looking for weekend getaways.

Traveling from Hanoi to Ba Vi to fully explore the beauty of nature

When visiting Ba Vi, tourists can explore various places such as Ba Vi National Park, Dong Mo Golf Course, Son Tinh Camps eco-camping area, the Cultural Village of Vietnamese Ethnic Groups, and more. In just two days, you can fully experience the pristine beauty and the wonderful attractions in this area.

Ba Vi Hanoi tourist area is a popular weekend resort destination for families and a favorite adventure spot for many young people. When visiting this destination, you can camp, rent resort accommodations, explore the national park, historical sites, and savor delicious local dishes and specialties of Ba Vi. If you’re traveling to Ba Vi Hanoi by motorbike, pay attention to safe speed on the roads.

Guide to Travel from Hanoi to Ba Vi

Ba Vi is located approximately 60km northwest of the center of Hanoi. There are various ways to reach this beautiful land, but the most common methods are by motorbike or car. After arriving in Hanoi, if you’re traveling by motorbike from the city center, it will take about 2 hours to reach Ba Vi National Park—a place with a diverse ecosystem and charming landscapes. There are two convenient routes to travel from Hanoi to Ba Vi:

Ba Vi is located approximately 60 kilometers from the center of Hanoi
  • Via Lang Hoa Lac Route: Travelers can take the Lang Hoa Lac route by following the road until reaching Lang Hoa Lac and then turning right towards Son Tay. At the end of the Son Tay district, turn left and continue for another 10km to reach the Ba Vi Hanoi tourist area. This route is the most convenient for motorbike travel.
  • Via Ho Tung Mau Route towards Nhon: Drive along National Highway 32 to Dan Phuong Bus Station, then cross Phung Bridge and head to Son Tay Bus Station. When reaching the intersection with a sign pointing to Trung Ha 20km, turn left towards Son Tay. Continue straight for another 7km, passing by the 105 Hospital – Xuan Khanh, and at the next intersection, turn left again to go straight to the foot of Ba Vi mountain.

Means of Transportation to Ba Vi

Traveling from Hanoi to Ba Vi by Bus

Traveling from Hanoi to Ba Vi by bus has gained popularity among the public, especially among the youth. This mode of transportation is not only simple for daily commuting but is also chosen as a unique means for tourism. When taking the bus to Ba Vi, you can choose from the following routes:

  • Bus 214 departs from Yen Nghia Bus Station to Xuan Khanh.
  • Bus 71 or 74 from My Dinh to Xuan Khanh.
  • Bus 110 passes through the gate of Ba Vi National Park.
Traveling from Hanoi to Ba Vi by bus has received a positive response from the local residents

The bus will stop at Xuan Khanh, which is 5km from Ba Vi. From there, you can take a motorbike taxi or a regular taxi to continue your journey to the tourist center. Note that when using this mode of transportation, avoid carrying valuable belongings and only bring essential items for the trip. Prepare small bills for ticket purchases if you don’t have a monthly pass and strictly adhere to the rules and regulations on the bus.

Traveling by Private Car with a Driver

This is an ideal option for large groups and international tourists. Using a private car service provides you with quick and convenient transportation, unlike using public transportation in Vietnam, which can be challenging for international travelers and may involve price haggling.

To meet the demand for an excellent trip to Ba Vi, DanangPrivateCar.com’s offers private car rental services with drivers in Hanoi. With a professional team of drivers with years of experience and a fleet of new cars, fully equipped with a variety of options from 4 to 45 seats, you can have the safest and most comfortable journey to Ba Vi.

Traveling by Car

The road from Hanoi to Ba Vi by car is convenient and straightforward. From the central areas of Hanoi, follow the Lang Hoa Lac route, turn right towards Son Tay at the end of Lang Hoa Lac road. At the last intersection, turn left, and drive approximately 10km until you see signs directing you to Ba Vi National Park. Follow these signs to reach the eco-tourism area.

A car offers various advantages, allowing passengers to admire the scenery along the road leading to Ba Vi and enjoy music through the car windows. Traveling by car provides safety, protection from the weather (rain, sun, dust), and a comfortable journey.

Traveling by Motorbike

When it comes to traveling to Ba Vi, the most popular mode of transportation, especially among young people, is the motorbike. This mode of transportation is closely associated with meaningful adventure journeys. The road to Ba Vi is easy to navigate, with clear road signs. If you are near the following locations, you can choose one of the two routes:

  • Starting from BigC Thang Long (Tran Duy Hung), follow the Thang Long Boulevard for about 30km to Hoa Lac Bridge. Go straight to the Cultural Village area following signs to Yen Bai commune, then continue to Ba Vi mountain.
  • Starting from the Cau Giay area, follow National Highway 32 for about 37 km to the intersection of Son Tay Bus Station, turn left, continue 3.5 km to the intersection of 105 Hospital. Go straight for 9 km to the T junction at Tan Linh, turn left and continue for 3.5 km to the 5-pointed star intersection, where you’ll find the ticket booth for Ba Vi National Park.

Traveling to Ba Vi under the form of motorbike adventures is a trendy choice attracting many young people seeking exciting experiences. When traveling by motorbike, you have the freedom to explore and visit prominent places in Ba Vi, enjoying delicious local dishes and specialties along the way.

Certainly, you can admire the captivating beauty of the forest, the scenery on both sides of the road, and the diverse and abundant flora and fauna. Additionally, you can take control of your time and space, organize fun activities, picnics, camping, bonfires, and barbecue right in the forest area.

Can you check out more articles about Renting Motorbikes in Hanoi.

Some Notes When Traveling to Ba Vi

If you’re traveling by motorbike, make sure the handlebars are firm and the bike is in good working condition. The journey to this destination is relatively easy, but it can be challenging on uphill sections. At the end of Thang Long Boulevard, it’s advisable to take the road to Xuan Mai. After a short distance, turn right to enter the boulevard. Since motorbikes are prohibited on this road, pay close attention to avoid penalties.

On the way from Hanoi to Ba Vi, you may encounter various blood-sucking insects such as leeches and mosquitoes. Therefore, regardless of the mode of transportation, it’s recommended to wear long-sleeved clothing and bring necessary medications, especially insect repellent.

Consider the transportation options from Hanoi to Ba Vi mentioned here to choose the one that suits your preferences and needs. Choosing the right means of transportation will contribute to adding excitement and creating a wonderful experience for your travel journey, exploring the famous landmarks of Ba Vi. Don’t forget to check the Ba Vi travel itinerary before packing your bags and embarking on the exploration of this land.

When in Hanoi, everyone should visit and experience the historical and cultural heritage site, the complex of relics related to Vietnam’s first university, which is the Temple of LiteratureNational University. Below are some of the most comprehensive and detailed tips for exploring this place that DanangPrivateCar.com’s wants to share with you.

Overview of the Temple of Literature – National University

  • Location: 58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, Van Mieu, Dong Da, Hanoi
  • Opening hours: Daily
    • Summer (May to October): 07:30 – 17:30
    • Winter (October to April): 08:00 – 17:00
  • Entrance fee:
    • Adults: 30,000 VND for both Vietnamese and foreigners
    • Students: 15,000 VND (with student ID)
    • Children under 15: Free
  • Dress code: No tank tops or short skirts, always remove hats in the solemn area.

History of Formation

Initiated in August 1070 under the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong, the Temple of Literature, besides its function of worshiping Confucian scholars, also served as the first royal university, educating royal princes. The first student of this royal school was Prince Ly Can Duc, later known as King Ly Nhan Tong. In 1076, this first student, upon ascending the throne, established a school next to the Temple of Literature. Since it was exclusively for the children of royal and noble families, it was named Quoc Tu Giam.

The revered image of the Temple of Literature – Imperial Academy

In 1253, during the reign of King Tran Thai Tong, Quoc Tu Giam was renamed the National Academy. During this time, the school expanded and admitted the children of commoners as long as they demonstrated outstanding academic ability. In the reign of King Tran Minh Tong (1300 – 1357), Chu Van An was appointed as the principal of Quoc Tu Giam, a position equivalent to today’s school principal. He was responsible for managing all activities of Quoc Tu Giam and directly teaching Prince Tran Vuong.


The architectural complex of the Temple of Literature is a large rectangular area covering 54,331 square meters, reflecting the construction style of the early Nguyen Dynasty. The Temple of Literature is enclosed by four solid ancient brick walls.

The layout of the Temple of Literature follows the Confucian principles, arranged layer by layer, zone by zone, along the North-South axis. Upon entering through the main gate, there are four pillars and two stelae of horses on either side. Inside, the Inner Courtyard is separated by a water pond, a spacious courtyard, or a walkway with a wide gap on both sides. Before entering each zone, you will pass through a system of doors, including a main door and two side doors on each side. All entrance gates to the Inner Courtyard, shrines, worship halls, and the Thai Hoc House are designed with roofs adorned with dragon and moon motifs, reflecting the ancient Eastern architectural style.

Map of the Temple of Literature

How to Get to the Temple of Literature – National University?

To reach the Temple of Literature – National University, visitors can choose from the following options:

  • By Bus: Visitors can take buses such as route 32, 41, 23, 38, or 02 and get off at the nearest stop to the Temple of Literature, then walk to the destination.
  • By Double-decker Bus: This is a newly introduced sightseeing service in the capital in recent years. This service not only allows you to visit the Temple of Literature but also takes you to explore all other famous landmarks and historical sites in Hanoi in a professional and convenient manner.
  • Using Inner-city Bicycle Tours: This service, provided by travel companies, aims to offer a unique and enjoyable experience for tourists exploring Hanoi by bicycle.
  • Taxi or Motorbike Taxi (Xe Ôm): In Hanoi, motorbike taxis and taxis are readily available, making it easy for visitors to call a ride to the Temple of Literature – National University for exploration.
  • Personal Vehicle: If traveling by personal vehicle, visitors can consult maps or ask locals to choose the most suitable route, avoiding one-way streets.

Additionally, for those seeking a fast and convenient means of transportation that provides door-to-door service and the flexibility to visit multiple attractions in Hanoi, they can consider booking a private car with a driver in Hanoi From DanangPrivateCar.com. With a professional team of drivers with years of experience, this service ensures the fastest and safest journey for your exploration.

Points of Interest in the Temple of Literature – National University

Van Lake

Located directly in front of the gate of the Temple of Literature, Van Lake, also known as Giám Lake or Minh Duong Lake, is the first point of interest to explore when visiting the Temple of Literature. Historical records describe Van Lake as a large lake, stretching up to 11,900 square meters within the overall complex of the Temple of Literature. In the middle of Van Lake stands Kim Chau mound, where Thuy Duong Pavilion was built. Thuy Duong Pavilion is where literary discussions of Confucian scholars in the ancient capital took place.

The idyllic scenery at Van Lake

Van Mieu Mon (Literature Temple Gate)

Van Mieu Mon is the outer triple gate of the historical site, consisting of three doors with a two-story tall main door. The upper floor bears the inscription “Van Mieu Mon” in ancient Chinese characters. In front of Van Mieu Mon are four pillars representing the main entrance and two stelae of horses on either side. Tradition has it that in the past, whether generals or court officials, anyone passing through Van Mieu had to dismount and walk at least from one stela of horses to the other before continuing. This tradition reflects the solemn and significant status of the Temple of Literature.

The majestic scenery of Van Mieu Mon

Dai Trung Mon (Great Central Gate)

Dai Trung Mon is the second gate of the Temple of Literature, leading straight from the main gate, Van Mieu Mon. Dai Trung Mon consists of three bays built on a high brick base with a double-sloped tile roof in the style of ancient communal houses. In front of and behind Dai Trung Mon is a large space filled with grass, a water pond, and parallel pathways, creating a sense of serenity and elegance, typical of a literary sanctuary.

The tranquil beauty at Dai Trung Mon

Khue Van Cac (Stelae of Doctors)

Khue Van Cac is a two-story square pavilion nearly 9 meters high, including four lower and four upper roofs. This structure, built by General Nguyen Van Thanh in the year 1805 under the Nguyen Dynasty, features a unique architecture with the lower level supported by four square brick pillars, each one meter long, intricately carved with sophisticated and delicate floral motifs. The upper level of Khuê Văn Các is a wooden structure lacquered in gold, with a red-tiled roof stacked in two layers, creating a distinctive eight-roofed structure. The four walls of the upper level are adorned with round windows, symbolizing the sun or the pole star radiating light.

Immerse yourself in the cool and lush scenery at Khue Van Cac

Thien Quang Well, Doctoral Steles

Thien Quang Well is built in a square shape, symbolizing the earth, located just behind Khuê Văn Các, with round gates representing the sky. These two symbols imply that all the essence of the earth and sky converges at the cultural and educational center in the heart of the ancient imperial city of Thang Long.

On both sides of Thien Giang Well are two rows of large stone steles called Doctoral Steles. Each stone stele is a unique and intricately carved artistic work, carrying profound spiritual significance. These 82 doctoral steles are erected on the backs of 82 stone turtles, recognizing and honoring the achievements of 82 top scholars in the imperial examinations of ancient Vietnamese dynasties.

Dai Thanh Mon, Worship Area

Similar to Dai Trung Mon, Dai Thanh Mon also has three bays with a central row of columns and two rows of columns in front and behind the gate. Passing through Dai Thanh Mon, visitors will arrive at a spacious brick-paved courtyard leading to the central area of the Quoc Tu Giam complex, the area of worship called Dai Bai Duong.

Dai Bai Duong consists of nine bays, but only the two side walls are present, leaving the front and back sides open. This was the place for ceremonial rituals during ancient spring rituals. In Dai Bai Duong, only the central bay has an altar for incense, while the other bays are empty.

Nha Tien Duong, Hau Duong (Front Hall, Back Hall of Thai Hoc Area)

This entirely new construction was completed in 1999 on the foundation of the Khai Thanh Temple. The Khai Thanh Temple is the last area of the Temple of Literature – National University. The temple worships the parents of Confucius, separated from the Worship Area by a wall with a small gate. The Khai Thanh Temple is built on the foundation of the old Thai Hoc Area or Quoc Tu Giam. The Khai Thanh Temple also has a U-shaped layout with Tả Vu and Hữu Vu on both sides. In 1947, this area was completely destroyed by the French.

Nha Tien Duong has nine bays, displaying artifacts related to the traditional values of filial piety, respect for knowledge, and devotion to Confucianism. It is also a place for organizing scientific, cultural, and artistic workshops of the Vietnamese people.

Hau Duong has two floors. The first floor has nine bays and two roofs, honoring the Great Doctor Chu Van An, displaying information about the Temple of Literature – National University of Thang Long, and the Nho Hoc education system in Vietnam. The second floor has five bays, dedicated to honoring the predecessors who contributed to the construction of the Temple of Literature – National University and the Nho Hoc education system of Vietnam. These include Kings Ly Thanh Tong, Ly Nhan Tong, and Le Thanh Tong.

Khai Thanh Temple

Situated at the rear of the historical site is Khai Thanh Temple. This is the place where the foster parents of Confucius, Thuc Luong Ngot and Nhan Thi, are worshipped. In the past, Khai Thanh Temple was a residential area with 150 rooms for scholars. In 1946, during the French colonial period, Khai Thanh Temple was heavily damaged by gunfire and completely destroyed. Subsequently, the temple was reconstructed and has been preserved to this day.

The sacred atmosphere within Khai Thanh Temple

Tourist Attractions in the Vicinity of the Temple of Literature – National University

Nestled in the heart of the capital city, the Temple of Literature – National University serves as a gateway to an array of remarkable landmarks. After immersing oneself in the historical richness of this cultural site, visitors can extend their exploration to nearby attractions. Here are some enticing suggestions for places in close proximity to the Temple of Literature:

Hanoi Flag Tower

Located just 1.1 kilometers away, the Hanoi Flag Tower stands tall as a symbol of Vietnam’s rich history. Visitors can climb to the top for panoramic views of the city and gain insights into its storied past.

Hanoi Flag Tower

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long

A mere 1.2 kilometers from the Temple of Literature, the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long beckons with ancient charm. This UNESCO World Heritage Site boasts well-preserved remnants of Vietnam’s feudal era.

The central heritage site of Thang Long Imperial Citadel – where the thousand-year history of Hanoi’s capital is etched

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

A short 1.6-kilometer journey leads to the solemn Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, where the revered leader’s embalmed body rests. The surrounding Ba Dinh Square is witness to significant historical events.

Hoa Lo Prison Historical Site

A historical gem situated 1.9 kilometers from the Temple of Literature, Hoa Lo Prison, also known as the “Hanoi Hilton,” provides a poignant glimpse into Vietnam’s struggle for independence.

Each of these attractions contributes to the rich tapestry of Vietnam’s history and culture. Exploring these sites in the vicinity of the Temple of Literature provides a comprehensive and immersive experience for visitors eager to delve into the multifaceted heritage of Hanoi.

Notes for Visiting the Temple of Literature

  • Absolutely no smoking or bringing flammable materials within the Temple of Literature premises.
  • Only light one incense stick during the offering ritual in the designated area.
  • Walk lightly, speak softly, and maintain the cleanliness of the environmental landscape.
  • Photography is allowed, but refrain from making loud noises or disturbing the areas of worship.
  • Bring cash to purchase tickets, as the ticket booth may not accept card payments.
  • Do not harm the artifacts, refrain from writing or drawing on surfaces, avoid climbing on structures, and do not touch the turtle heads, Doctoral Steles, and other displayed artifacts.

Enduring the passage of many years and the ebbs and flows of history, the Temple of LiteratureNational University has steadfastly maintained its artifacts and significant cultural values. This landmark stands as an emblematic testament to the pinnacle of education and the admirable traditions of the Vietnamese people. Don’t miss this captivating landmark on your journey to explore the heart of Hanoi.


Designed in the style of medieval European Gothic architecture, St. Joseph’s Cathedral Hanoi is on the list of 7 famous churches in the capital. With its solemn and grand appearance, it is not only a place of pilgrimage for Catholics but also a renowned tourist destination in the capital.

The article below will introduce you to some information to make your exploration of St. Joseph’s Cathedral Hanoi the most fascinating.

Introduction to St. Joseph’s Cathedral

Where is St. Joseph’s Cathedral located?

Hanoi’s Grand Church, formally known as the St. Joseph’s Cathedral, is situated at 40 Nha Chung Street, at the intersection of three streets: Nha Chung, Nha Tho, and Ly Quoc Su, in Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi. It serves as a place for religious activities for the parishioners of the Archdiocese of Hanoi and is also a popular tourist attraction for visitors to the capital.

St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi is among the list of 7 famous cathedrals in the capital city

Admission to St. Joseph’s Cathedral

While there is no admission fee for visiting St. Joseph’s Cathedral, it may not always be open to the public. Therefore, make sure to take note of the opening hours below.

Opening hours of St. Joseph’s Cathedral

Opening hours:

  • Sundays: Morning from 7:00 AM to 11:30 AM, and afternoon from 3:00 PM to 9:00 PM.
  • From Monday to Saturday: Morning from 8:00 AM to 11:00 AM, and afternoon from 2:00 PM to 8:00 PM.

Mass times at  St. Joseph’s Cathedral

  • From Monday to Friday: 5:30 AM and 6:15 PM.
  • Saturday: 6:00 PM.

Sunday: Multiple time slots at 5:00 AM, 7:00 AM, 9:00 AM, 11:00 AM (French Mass), 4:00 PM (Children’s Mass), 6:00 PM, and 8:00 PM (Adult Mass).

Getting There

To travel to St. Joseph’s Cathedral, in addition to using a motorbike or car, taking a bus can also be a convenient option. There are no bus routes that pass directly by St. Joseph’s Cathedral as it is located in the Old Quarter where buses are not allowed. You can take a bus to nearby stops and walk to the church.

  • You can take bus route number 1 to Trieu Quoc Dat Street and then walk to Phu Doan. From there, continue on Au Trieu Street to reach the church.
  • Take bus route number 2 to Trang Thi Street, walk to Phu Doan, and then proceed to Au Trieu Street.
  • You can take bus routes number 09, 14, or 36 to Hoan Kiem Lake (Bo Ho), then walk a short distance to reach the church.

Additionally, if you wish to explore various locations in Hanoi, renting a private car in Hanoi is the best option. With the private car service from DanangPrivateCar.com’s, you can have a comfortable and convenient trip in Hanoi. The driver will pick you up from any location in Hanoi, such as your hotel lobby or the airport. With a fleet of new vehicles equipped with all the amenities, it will ensure a smooth journey for you. Contact DanangPrivateCar.com for detailed itinerary advice.

Learning about St. Joseph’s Cathedral

History of St. Joseph’s Cathedral

St. Joseph’s Cathedral was constructed by the French colonialists on the site of the former Bao Thien Pagoda, which existed during the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong. In the 18th century, Bao Thien Pagoda was dismantled to make way for the central market of Dai Viet’s people. Later on, the Catholic Church received the government’s permission to build a church on this land.

The St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi was built by the French colonialists on the former site of Bao Thien Pagoda.

Initially, the church was made of wood. By the late 19th century (in 1884), it was rebuilt with more grandeur using fired bricks, under the design and supervision of Bishop Puginier. The church was completed in 1887, and its consecration took place during the Christmas season that year.

After nearly three centuries, St. Joseph’s Cathedral stands as a witness to the transformation and rise of the capital city amidst the historical ups and downs.

Unique Architecture of St. Joseph’s Cathedral

The church is designed in the style of medieval European Gothic architecture, which was prominent in the 12th century, drawing inspiration from the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris, with its pointed arches that reach towards the sky.

St. Joseph’s Cathedral is designed in the style of medieval European Gothic architecture

The primary construction materials of the church are fired bricks, and the walls are plastered with paper pulp. The church measures 79 meters in length, 28.5 meters in width, and features two bell towers that are 64.5 meters tall, each with four massive stone pillars at the corners. The building is divided into three sections: two soaring bell towers on either side, and in the middle, a lower section that culminates in a triangular gable with a cross, creating a focal point.

Many of the entrances and windows feature the typical Gothic pointed arch form (combined with stained glass windows depicting saints that create a beautiful and harmonious source of natural light inside the church). In front of the church, there is a small square with a statue of the Virgin Mary that enhances the scenic value.

Moreover, St. Joseph’s Cathedral is also a product of East-West cultural exchange, with its system of fired clay tiled roofs and interior decorations that carry strong Vietnamese traditional elements – indigenous architecture.

Exploring  St. Joseph’s Cathedral

If you are a first-time visitor to St. Joseph’s Cathedral, you’re probably curious about what makes this place interesting and famous. Read on for 5 suggestions for your visit to St. Joseph’s Cathedral, and DanangPrivateCar.com ensures you will find answers for yourself!

Attend the Church’s Ceremonies

If you’re not a Catholic, have you ever been curious about the rituals in a Catholic Church ceremony? Why not try attending a service here? The religious ceremonies at St. Joseph’s Cathedral , such as baptisms and weddings, follow the Catholic religious traditions. It’s guaranteed to be an unforgettable experience.

Celebration at St. Joseph’s Cathedral

Note: St. Joseph’s Cathedral is open for visitors, and the opening hours may vary from day to day. The church often closes during the noon break. When you visit the church, make sure to dress neatly and respectfully, avoid speaking loudly, and absolutely refrain from making disrespectful remarks or gestures.

Christmas Celebrations at St. Joseph’s Cathedral

Every Christmas, St. Joseph’s Cathedral is adorned brilliantly and becomes an exciting place to celebrate Noel for those who want to experience a sacred and peaceful Christmas.

Christmas Celebration at St. Joseph’s Cathedral

Visitors can enjoy the nativity scene, the Christmas tree, colorful lights, and immerse themselves in the lively Christmas atmosphere and the warmth of the people here.

Take Photos at St. Joseph’s Cathedral

If you browse through social media platforms like Facebook and Instagram, you’ll easily find photos of young people checking in at St. Joseph’s Cathedral. Whether it’s a beautiful sunny day or a chilly winter day, whether you are a Hanoi resident or a first-time visitor to the Grand Church, don’t forget to take photos at St. Joseph’s Cathedral to capture beautiful moments.

Taking Photos at St. Joseph’s Cathedral

Enjoy Lemon Tea Around St. Joseph’s Cathedral – Local Specialty

When you visit the area around St. Joseph’s Cathedral, don’t miss out on the ‘lemon tea and chit-chat’ experience. It’s a simple cup of tea with a slice of fragrant lemon, yet it has become a trademark of this area. Young people can gather here to enjoy the church’s view and chat under the sun.

Don’t forget to try the delicious local snacks around the church, such as grilled pork rolls, rice paper salad, mung bean noodles, rib congee, and more. They are delicious and represent the authentic flavors of Hanoi, and the cost is quite affordable, typically a few tens of thousands of Vietnamese dong for each dish.

Participate in Recreational Activities at Hanoi’s Walking Street and Hanoi Old Quarter Night Market

You’ve probably heard of Hanoi’s Walking Street, a famous weekend recreational area, which is just a few hundred meters’ walk from St. Joseph’s Cathedral. This place regularly hosts art performances and various outdoor activities. On special occasions, holidays, or when the city organizes events, the area becomes much more lively. Check out the upcoming events in Hanoi to ensure you don’t miss any of them!

Hanoi Pedestrian Street.

Nearby Places to St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi:

Around St. Joseph’s Cathedral, there are many interesting and other tourist spots for you to explore. Below are some places near St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi:

  • Hoan Kiem Lake: Hoan Kiem Lake is one of the symbols of Hanoi and is located near St. Joseph’s Cathedral. You can stroll around the lake, visit Ngoc Son Temple on the island in the middle of the lake, or relax at the nearby cafes.
The ancient beauty of the Turtle Tower on Hoan Kiem Lake
  • Hanoi Old Quarter: The Old Quarter is close to St. Joseph’s Cathedral and is a bustling area with shops, restaurants, and souvenir stores. It’s a great place to experience local culture and cuisine.
  • Vietnam National Museum of History: This museum, located in the vicinity of St. Joseph’s Cathedral, houses a diverse collection showcasing Vietnam’s history and culture.
  • Hanoi Opera House: This elegant building hosts various artistic performances, including theater, musicals, and concerts. It is in close proximity to St. Joseph’s Cathedral.
  • Hoa Lo Prison: Situated nearby, Hoa Lo Prison is an important historical site in Vietnam where political prisoners were held during wartime.

Guidelines for Visiting St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi

When visiting St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi, please take note of the following:

  • Opening Hours: Determine the opening hours of St. Joseph’s Cathedral and plan your schedule to ensure you are not locked out when you arrive. Typically, the cathedral is open daily, but there may be breaks between religious services.
  • Dress Code: This is a place of religious significance, so it’s advisable to dress modestly and respectfully. If you intend to participate in a St. Joseph’s ceremony, make sure you wear appropriate attire for the event.
  • Hot Sun and Rain: Hanoi experiences hot weather in the summer and rain during the rainy season. Be prepared with raincoats or umbrellas when necessary, and protect your skin from the sun if required.
  • Noise Restrictions: St. Joseph’s Cathedral is a solemn place. Please maintain silence and minimize noise to avoid disturbing those who are praying and visiting.
  • Photography: Before taking photographs, check whether photography is permitted. In some solemn places, photography may be restricted.
  • Personal Space: When you enter St. Joseph’s Cathedral, please respect the personal space of those who are praying and avoid disrupting their contemplation.

Following these guidelines will help you visit St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi with respect and create a memorable experience.

The name “St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Hanoi” is probably not unfamiliar to the residents of Hanoi. Combined with its unique and historic architecture, St. Joseph’s Cathedral is a famous tourist destination in Hanoi when you visit the capital of Vietnam.


Hanoi – a destination no longer unfamiliar to travelers from all corners of the world. This land always carries the charming beauty of long-standing historical and cultural landmarks, as well as romantic places. Hanoi is vast, with many places to explore, and even if you visit just once, you won’t be able to discover everything. Today, Danang Private Car’s will suggest the top 20+ most beautiful and attractive tourist destinations in Hanoi for 2023 that will surely leave you in awe.

The names we present below may not be entirely new, but they are still considered the top places to visit in Hanoi in 2023 that you cannot miss.

Top 20+ most attractive Hanoi tourist destinations in 2023

Touring Hanoi with historical sites, culture, and ancient structures

Hoan Kiem Lake (Sword Lake)

Hoan Kiem Lake, also known as Sword Lake, is located right in the middle of the city and is often likened to the heart of the capital. This is the first destination you must visit if you don’t want to miss the opportunity to immerse yourself in the breathtaking scenery of the intersection between the ancient and the modern. It is surrounded by streets like Dinh Tien Hoang, Le Thai To, Hang Khay, and shaded by rows of trees, along with centuries-old architectural landmarks.

Hoan Kiem Lake

When you visit this Hanoi tourist destination, you can also explore the Huc Bridge and the Ngoc Son Temple in the middle of the lake. Especially on weekends, the surrounding streets become a pedestrian zone where various attractive activities take place, attracting a large number of local residents and tourists to experience.

  • Location: Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Hanoi Old Quarter

Hanoi, despite having many bustling spots, is considered most beautiful by the locals in a place commonly known as the Hanoi Old Quarter, also known as “Hanoi’s 36 streets and guilds.” It’s only by coming here that you can truly feel the difference in the daily life of the people compared to other places. Each street represents a specific trade or merchandise (Hang Ma, Hang Duong, Hang Thiec, Hang Trong, Hang Bong, etc.). This area is also a paradise for a variety of delicious foods, including pho, bun cha, and hot rice crepes.

Hanoi Old Quarter
  • Location: Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and Ba Dinh Square

Visiting Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is something everyone wishes for when touring Hanoi. The mausoleum located in Ba Dinh Square is one of the most significant tourist destinations. Here lies the preserved body of the great father of the nation. Whether it’s 2023 or many years into the future, this place remains endlessly appealing. Don’t miss the chance to witness the flag-raising ceremony every morning and see Uncle Ho in person inside the mausoleum. Within the Ho Chi Minh Complex, you can also explore the stilt house, gardens, fish pond, One Pillar Pagoda, and the Ho Chi Minh Museum.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

One Pillar Pagoda

  • Address: One Pillar Pagoda Street, Ba Đình, Hanoi
  • Ticket Price: Free

Located near Ba Đinh Square, the One Pillar Pagoda is also a Hanoi tourist attraction that draws visitors from various countries. This is a destination of cultural and spiritual significance in the heart of the capital. The One Pillar Pagoda features unique lotus-shaped architectural elements. When viewed from a distance, it resembles a blooming lotus on the surface of the pond.

One Pillar Pagoda is located within the Ba Dinh Square and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum complex

Long Bien Bridge

Long Bien Bridge is a historic structure that has left a lasting mark on the old capital. Despite the passage of many years, the bridge remains largely unchanged, without any significant renovations or paint jobs, weathered by the elements. It was once the longest and most beautiful bridge in Indochina and is now seen as a charming, rustic tourist destination in Hanoi. Whenever you visit, you’ll see people fishing in the morning and young people or couples gathering to sing, take photos, or enjoy the breeze in the evening.

Admiring the picturesque scenery and exploring the famous dining and entertainment spots near Long Bien Bridge are also wonderful experiences to be had.
  • Location: Ngoc Thuy, Long Bien, Hanoi

West Lake (Tay Lake), Hanoi

In addition to Hoan Kiem Lake, the landscape around West Lake in Hanoi is equally mesmerizing. It is like a giant mirror reflecting the sky and the cityscape, surrounded by tall straight trees, flower beds, and lush green grass. Perhaps, few residents in Hanoi haven’t taken a leisurely stroll around West Lake. Passing through Thanh Nien Road, often referred to as the “Korean Street,” you can visit the lotus pond, enjoy fried shrimp cakes or West Lake ice cream. The most romantic moments can be experienced during sunset.

  • Location: Tay Ho District, Hanoi

St. Joseph’s Cathedral

If Saigon is famous for Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica, Hanoi has St. Joseph’s Cathedral, also known as Hanoi’s Big Church. With its unique neo-Gothic architecture and spacious, airy interior, it has become a popular gathering spot for young people and tourists from all over. Here, you can enjoy various artistic forms like classical music, tuong (classical opera), cheo (traditional opera), and cai luong (reformed opera). It’s also a great place to savor delicious Vietnamese dishes like grilled sour pork, salty doughnuts, mixed rice paper, and rib porridge. However, note that when visiting the church, it’s advisable to wear modest clothing.

Hanoi Cathedral – St. Joseph’s Cathedral
  • Location: 40 Nha Chung Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long

The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is a complex of historical relics associated with the Thang Long capital, recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage site in 2010. This monumental architectural structure was built over many historical periods by Vietnamese kings. While it may not be magnificent or dazzling, the Imperial Citadel holds immense cultural and historical value spanning thousands of years. The most attractive feature here is the Ky Dai, also known as the Hanoi Flag Tower, symbolizing the spirit of national freedom. You can also explore Doan Mon, Kinh Thien Palace, and more within the Imperial Citadel.

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
  • Location: 19C Hoang Dieu, Dien Ban, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

Hanoi Opera House

Another must-visit tourist destination in Hanoi in 2023 is the Hanoi Opera House. It is a cultural and artistic landmark in the city, hosting various outstanding performances. Here, you can enjoy a wide range of artistic genres, including classical music, drama, cheo (traditional theater), and cai luong (reformed opera). If you want to explore the interior, you can purchase a full package ticket for 400,000 VND. If you only wish to visit without watching a performance, it might be a bit inconvenient, but it’s an experience worth trying if you have the time.

The Hanoi Opera House is located at the August Revolution Square.
  • Location: 1 Trang Tien Street, Phan Chu Trinh, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

Temple of Literature

The Temple of Literature is considered the first university in Vietnam, dedicated to Confucius, scholars, and intellectuals of the nation. It has now become a historical and cultural relic, as well as an iconic symbol of Hanoi. Many visitors come here on occasions such as the Lunar New Year, Mid-Autumn Festival, or for students to pray for success in their studies.

Temple of Literature

Hoa Lo Prison

Another famous historical site that cannot be overlooked is Hoa Lo Prison. In the past, it housed and imprisoned thousands of patriotic soldiers, Vietnamese revolutionaries, and prisoners of war who fought for the country’s independence, both physically and spiritually, under the yoke of French colonial rule. When you visit Hoa Lo Prison, you will see numerous documents and artifacts that reflect the political prisoner’s life under the French colonial rule, offering greater appreciation for their sacrifices.

  • Location: 1 Hoa Lo Street, Tran Hung Dao, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

Viet Phu Thanh Chuong

Located about 35 km from the city center, Viet Phu Thanh Chuong is an architectural complex built by artist Thanh Chuong to honor Vietnam’s ancient architectural heritage. When you visit this place, you can admire the beauty of Northern Vietnamese village life and explore precious artifacts from the past.

  • Location: Hien Ninh, Soc Son, Hanoi

Hang Dau Water Tower

Hang Dau Water Tower, an ancient historical relic in the heart of the city, is located on the border of Hoan Kiem and Ba Dinh districts. The tower has various names, such as Hang Dau Water Tank, Quan Thanh Roundhouse, and Hang Dau Fort. While it’s not very tall, it is unique and has undergone several transitions and relocations, at times changing its function. Currently, the tower no longer stores water or supplies it to residents, but it remains a popular tourist attraction in Hanoi that many visitors explore.

  • Location: Hang Dau Fort, Quan Thanh, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

Tran Quoc Pagoda

  • Address: 46 Thanh Niên Road, Yen Phu, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

Tran Quoc Pagoda, located on 46 Thanh Nien Road, Yen Phu, Ba Dinh, Hanoi, is one of the oldest and most significant Buddhist pagodas in the city. Situated on a small island in West Lake, this pagoda is renowned for its historical and spiritual importance. It features a beautiful combination of traditional Vietnamese and Buddhist architectural styles and is a popular destination for tourists and pilgrims alike. The tranquility and scenic beauty of Tran Quoc Pagoda make it a must-visit spot for those exploring Hanoi.

Quan Thanh Temple

Address: Thanh Nien Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Quan Thanh Temple, also known as Quan Thanh De Quan, is a historic Taoist temple located in Hanoi, Vietnam. This temple is known for its significance in Taoism and its cultural and historical importance. The primary deity worshipped here is Tran Vu, one of the principal Taoist deities associated with the protection of the North and the well-being of the country.

Quan Thanh Temple in Hanoi

The temple is renowned for its stunning architecture, including a large bronze statue of Tran Vu, which is considered one of the four guardians of ancient Vietnamese pagodas. Visitors can explore the temple’s intricate design, serene ambiance, and beautiful gardens while learning about the rich history and traditions associated with Quan Thanh Temple. It is a popular destination for both tourists and those interested in Vietnamese culture and spirituality.

Touring Hanoi to visit unique, trending, and beautiful Hanoi attractions

Hem Bia Lost in Hong Kong

When talking about ideal tourist destinations in Hanoi, you can’t miss Hem Bia Lost in Hong Kong. It’s a unique place that makes young people restless, as it feels like you’re in the distant harbor of Hong Kong. Everything in this alley is decorated and themed with the colors of Hong Kong, creating a unique and attractive space, especially for young people and those who love capturing moments.

  • Location: 12 Dao Duy Tu, Hang Buom, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

Sky Walk Observation Deck

The Sky Walk observation deck is located on the 72nd floor of the Lotte Center building. This tourist attraction continues to attract visitors. From the Sky Walk, you can have a panoramic view of Hanoi within your grasp. You’ll feel a rush of adrenaline as you stand seemingly suspended at an altitude of 272 meters, surrounded by glass walls and a transparent floor. Additionally, there’s a hanging garden with beautiful postcards where you can take photos and enjoy some refreshing ice cream. This location is truly recognized as one of Hanoi’s most beloved scenic spots.

  • Location: Level 65, 54 Lieu Giai, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

Mao Bookstore (Nhà sách Mão)

Mao Bookstore is a unique tourist destination in the heart of Hanoi, offering five spacious reading rooms covering about 200 square meters. It is often referred to as the “book sanctum.” When you step into this old bookstore, you’ll feel like you’ve entered a different world – one that’s ancient, peaceful, and mystical. If you’re a bookworm, you’ll have your passion satisfied with a variety of genres, from Vietnamese literature to foreign works, from life skills books to comics. Moreover, the bookstore’s design exudes an old-world charm, creating a perfect backdrop for young visitors.

  • Location: Level 2, 5 Dinh Le, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

AEON Mall Ha Dong

Compared to other districts, Ha Dong District is quite far, but it’s not any less vibrant. There are plenty of exciting entertainment and shopping spots, with AEON Mall Ha Dong being a standout destination. It’s the largest shopping center in the northern region and a tourist spot in Hanoi in 2023 that everyone should visit at least once. Many even call it a “virtual living paradise” because every corner is picture-perfect. The outside area, from the fantastic parking lot to the stylishly decorated restrooms, is full of unique decor and even the toilets are extremely luxurious and glittering.

  • Location: Hoang Van Thu Residential Area, Duong Noi, Ha Dong, Hanoi

Phung Hung Street Art

Introduced in early February 2019, Phung Hung Street Art has received a warm welcome, especially from young people. Vietnamese and Korean artists have beautifully depicted 17 arches of the Phung Hung Street railway with stunning murals that look lifelike, creating a unique space. The “hype” around this street art is predicted to continue in 2023, so make sure to plan your visit.

  • Location: 27b Phung Hung, Hang Ma, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

Vinpearl Aquarium – Times City

Another exciting amusement park in Hanoi is the Vinpearl Aquarium at Times City. It offers a journey to explore the mysterious ocean with a series of records, such as being the first underwater tunnel in Hanoi, the birthplace of the first penguin in Vietnam, and introducing various marine species for the first time in the country. Vinpearl Aquarium – Times City provides a complete and enjoyable experience for you and your family.

The most beautiful Hanoi tourist destinations in the evening

Ta Hien Beer Street

The first place to mention when it comes to nightlife tourism in Hanoi is Ta Hien Beer Street. This street is located in the Old Quarter, at the intersection of Ta Hien and Luong Ngoc Quyen. It’s always crowded every evening, with young people and tourists gathering to eat, drink, relax, enjoy live music, and sing. The street is known for serving various types of beer, with the most famous being “bia hoi.” In addition to the beer, you can find many delicious and enticing dishes like boiled snails, mixed noodles, grilled quails, and crispy Vietnamese pancakes (banh xeo).

Cold beer and delicious snacks contribute to the charm of Ta Hien Street
  • Location: Ta Hien Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Hang Buom Food Street

Hang Buom Food Street only comes to life after dark, opening at 7:30 PM and closing at midnight from Friday to Sunday. As a street dedicated to food, it offers a wide range of delicious dishes, primarily featuring Northern specialties, making it especially popular among locals and tourists. Besides food, you can also shop for clothing, hats, shoes, and souvenirs.

  • Location: Hang Buom Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Dong Xuan Night Market

It would be a missed opportunity not to visit Dong Xuan Market, an ancient bustling market that offers a wide variety of products, including household items, clothing, textiles, and famous Hanoi specialties. Taking a stroll through this night market to witness the locals’ way of life, taste some delicious dishes, or enjoy a refreshing cup of cold drinks is a great experience. Moreover, you can find many things at budget-friendly prices.

  • Location: Located in the Old Quarter, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

These are some of the most famous and beautiful tourist destinations in Hanoi for 2023, as recommended by DanangPrivateCar.com’s. If you are wondering where to go and what to experience in Hanoi, Vietnam, especially at night, be sure to save this article for your reference. Have a wonderful and memorable trip with your loved ones and family!


Ninh Binh is a province with a small area located in the northern region, naturally endowed with a diverse ecological system. It can be said that this is a convergence of many different geographical areas such as mountains, plains, and coastal regions. This makes Ninh Bình rich and forms many tourist areas with beautiful natural landscapes, attracting numerous tourists here every year. If you are planning to travel from Hanoi to Ninh Bình and want to visit the tourist spots here but are unsure about the distance and how to travel from Hanoi to Ninh Bình, then follow this article. DanangPrivateCar.com’s will share “How many kilometers from Hanoi to Ninh Bình?” and “What modes of transportation to use?” to provide you with the information you need!

How many kilometers from Hanoi to Ninh Binh?

The center of Ninh Bình city is about 95km by road and 85km by air from the center of Hanoi. Hanoi is approximately 97km by road and 80km by air from Bai Dinh Pagoda (Ninh Binh).

The distance from Hanoi to Ninh Bình is 94km, a 1-hour 42-minute journey.

How long does it take to travel from Hanoi to Ninh Binh?

If you travel by car from the center of Hanoi to the center of Ninh Bình city, it will take about 1 hour and 29 minutes. It will take about 1 hour and 44 minutes to travel from Hanoi to Bai Dinh.

From Hanoi, if a tourist wants to reach Trang An tourist area by car, it will take about 1 hour and 36 minutes. And it will take about 1 hour and 40 minutes to travel to Tam CocBich Dong.

Travel routes from Hanoi to Ninh Bình.

In particular, Ninh Bình is also known for the scenic Tràng An, recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site in 2014, the first mixed heritage site in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. Additionally, it is a province with some of the most significant historical relics in Vietnam, with over 1,821 categorized historical relics.

The main routes are as follows:

  • Hanoi – Ninh Binh Expressway: This is the fastest route. You start from the center of Hanoi and head out onto Giải Phóng Road, or take the elevated Belt Road 3. Then, follow the Pháp Vân direction and continue on the Cao Bồ expressway until you reach Ninh Binh city (this is a toll route).
  • Route via the old National Highway 1A: Start from the center and head towards Giải Phóng, then pass through Thường Tín and continue onto the old National Highway 1A, driving straight to Ninh Bình city.
  • North-South Railway Route: Ninh Binh currently has four railway stations, including the city station, Cầu Yên station (Hoa Lư district), Ghềnh station (Tam Điệp), and Đồng Giao station (Tam Điệp). Train ticket prices from Hanoi to Ninh Bình range from 71,000 to 108,000 VND per ticket.

Modes of transportation from Hanoi to Ninh Binh.

To travel from Hanoi to Ninh Binh, tourists can choose various modes of transportation such as motorcycles, cars, buses, etc., depending on their needs and personal economy.

Hanoi to Ninh Binh by motorcycle.

If you travel from Hanoi by motorcycle, you will save costs and have more flexibility in travel time. However, riding a motorcycle requires good physical condition for long distances.

Motorbike touring to Ninh Bình would be a fantastic experience

If you choose to travel by motorcycle, it will take about 2 hours and 17 minutes to travel on National Highway 1A to Ninh Bình. If you go by car, the Hanoi – Ninh Binh expressway is the fastest route and will take about 1 hour and 25 minutes.

Hanoi to Ninh Binh by bus.

Traveling from Hanoi to Ninh Binh by bus will be healthier than riding a personal motorcycle, and it provides more resting time to prepare for the upcoming journey.

There are many bus routes from My Dinh Bus Station, Giap Bat Bus Station, Nuoc Ngam Bus Station to various bus stations in Ninh Bình such as Nho Quan, Kim Son, etc.

  • Thuy Duong Bus – phone number: 1900 6786. Ticket price: 80,000 VND.
  • An Phu Quy Bus – phone number: 1900 6786. Ticket price: 100,000 VND.

Hanoi to Ninh Binh by private car.

Private cars are suitable for first-time international travelers to Vietnam. With the complex traffic in Vietnam, choosing public transportation can be difficult. If you need a comfortable and safe option, a private vehicle is a suitable choice.

Private car is a transportation option chosen by many international tourists for travel.

With DanangPrivateCar.com’s private car in Hanoi, you don’t need to worry about your trip from Hanoi to Ninh Binh. Our professional English-speaking drivers will pick you up at your hotel and take you to your destination in the fastest way possible. Additionally, with our private car, you can make stops at some points along the way without any extra cost. Our experienced international service drivers will provide you with the safest and most comfortable journey.

Book a private car trip from Hanoi to Ninh Binh today for a memorable journey.

Hanoi to Ninh Binh by Limousine.

Limousines are a favored choice among travelers for long-distance travel due to the convenience they offer. Limousines are modern vehicles equipped with luxurious features such as LCD screens, charging cables, lighting systems, providing the most comfortable service for tourists.

Some Limousine companies from Hanoi to Ninh Binh:

  • Huu Binh Limousine – phone number: 19007070. Ticket price: 250,000 VND.
  • X.E Vietnam Limousine – phone number: 19001731. Ticket price: 165,000 VND.

Hanoi to Ninh Binh by train.

Ninh Binh and Hanoi are both on the North-South railway line, making it easy to travel between the two by train. Tourists can travel from Hanoi to Ninh Bình at stations such as Ninh Bình Station, Cau Yen Station, Dong Giao Station, etc.

I hope that the information shared above will be helpful for you in planning your upcoming trip from Hanoi to Ninh Binh!


You’ve surely heard a lot about Hanoithe capital city over 1000 years old. Not only famous for its ancient history, rich cultural heritage, and traditional ethnic culture, this region is also known as one of the attractions for many tourists from both within and outside the country. With this introduction to Hanoi, you will definitely fall in love with the things it has to offer, from culture, customs, and traditions, people, way of life, to landscapes and the alluring culinary scene that is incomparable anywhere else.

Introduction to Hanoi – Location and Climate Characteristics.

Hanoi is situated on the left bank of the Red River and on both sides of the Red River Delta. It shares its northern border with Vinh Phuc and Thai Nguyen provinces, its southern border with Hoa Binh province, its eastern border with Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces, and its western border with Vinh Phuc province. After its expansion, Hanoi is among the top 17 largest capital cities in the world with an area of 3,324.92 km2. With this advantageous geographical location, the city easily becomes a crucial economic, political, cultural, and scientific center of the country. Currently, it comprises 12 districts, 1 town, and 17 rural districts.

Hanoi is among the top 17 largest capital cities in the world in terms of area.

Due to its humid subtropical climate with distinct seasons, visiting Hanoi allows you to experience all four seasons throughout the year. Each season has its unique characteristics, providing different sensations about life, landscapes, and the people here. Hanoi can be quite cold in winter and very hot in summer, yet its beauty remains intact. However, perhaps the most exceptional are the spring and autumn seasons in Hanoi.

Introduction to Hanoi – Things You Might Not Know.

From the time it was still called the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long to the present, Hanoi has remained the largest cultural center of the entire country. This region has given birth to a folk culture with numerous legends, folk songs, proverbs, various folk festivals, and even celebrated heroic figures, along with recognized cultural and tangible heritage sites.

Hanoi – The Thousand-Year Capital of Culture and Heritage.

One distinctive aspect when introducing Hanoi is its rich blend of diverse cultures, with few places having as many ancient cultural villages as this city. Alongside these are villages with Buddhist, folk, and French architectural influences scattered throughout, captivating visitors as they explore a bustling, developed city like Hanoi that still preserves cultural values from a thousand years ago.

Hanoi’s Thousand-Year Traditions.

Hanoi’s traditions manifest in even the smallest aspects, from expressions of “thank you” and “excuse me” to forms of greeting and invitations. All have been unified within educational standards to foster affection among the people. These traditions are also reflected in traditional craft villages and bustling streets trading unique products like Bat Trang ceramics, Hang Ma Street, and Hang Bac Street.

Tradition Manifested in Craftsmanship

Diverse Religions and Beliefs.

Religions and beliefs have long played an important role in the spiritual lives of Hanoians and Vietnamese people in general. This region encompasses numerous religions, including Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, Protestantism, Islam, and Cao Dai, catering to the cultural and spiritual needs of its residents.

Hanoi Cathedral – St. Joseph’s Cathedral

Life and People of Hanoi.

Every introduction to Hanoi inevitably touches upon its people. The essence of Hanoi resides in its compassionate individuals, reflected in their manner of speech, refined behavior, and courtesy. If you were to visit the capital city one day, you would experience the warmth of its people, ever ready to assist and guide you through the streets, transportation, dining options, and accommodations as a foreign traveler.

Amidst its thousand-year-old heritage and the tranquility of its old streets, Hanoi maintains an energetic atmosphere befitting a capital city. During the mornings, bustling crowds traverse the streets, particularly during peak hours. At night, Hanoi transforms into a serene, ancient, and brilliantly lit space.

Introduction to Hanoi – Famous Landmarks and Scenic Spots.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum.

The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is the resting place of Uncle Ho – the beloved father figure of the nation. The mausoleum’s construction began on September 2, 1973, and was completed on August 19, 1975. The structure is 21.6 meters high and 41.2 meters wide, entirely built using various rare types of stones. When viewed as a whole, the mausoleum resembles a stylized lotus flower. It has become a renowned destination that anyone visiting Hanoi wishes to explore. Visitors not only admire this unique architecture but also witness Uncle Ho in his eternal sleep.

Temple of Literature – The First University of Southeast Asia.

This historic site was once the ancient school of the Thang Long Imperial Citadel and the first university in Southeast Asia. The Temple of Literature is not only a historical and cultural relic but also a place where vibrant activities and events showcasing the capital’s distinct identity take place. Inside, numerous precious artifacts are preserved, including the Dai Chung Bell, the Confucian wall with 82 doctoral laureates’ names, and more. If you’re a history enthusiast interested in Hanoi and eager to learn about ancient cultures, this is an ideal location.

Temple of Literature

West Lake – Hanoi’s Reflecting Mirror.

With an area of over 500 hectares and a history spanning thousands of years, West Lake is a vital part of Hanoi’s charm. Along with Truc Bach Lake, West Lake contributes to the poetic essence of the city. In my opinion, taking a stroll around the lake allows you to explore various historic sites and scenic views. Villages like Nhat Tan, adorned with cherry blossoms in spring, Xuan Tao, with its shrine to Saint Giong, and the traditional paper-making village of Ke Buoi all offer diverse experiences. Additionally, several structures surrounding the lake enhance its variety.

Hoan Kiem Lake – The Serene Heart of the City.

Known as the “serene heart of the city,” Hoan Kiem Lake is surrounded by three roads: Ly Thai To, Dinh Tien Hoang, and Hang Khay, spanning about 1.8 kilometers. The clear water surface reflects the shade of ancient banyan trees, graceful willows, moss-covered pagodas, temples, and historic towers, alongside modern high-rise buildings. Here, you can take a leisurely walk around the lake, breathe in the fresh air, or simply find a spot to observe the rhythm of Hanoi life—a truly enjoyable experience.

One Pillar Pagoda – The Most Unique Architecture.

When mentioning Hanoi, the image of the One Pillar Pagoda immediately comes to mind. This pagoda stands as an iconic attraction, drawing visitors with its distinctive architecture: a square-shaped pagoda with a curved roof, perched atop a stone pillar, which resembles a lotus blossom atop a pond. Despite its small size, the pagoda provides a way for you to climb up to the shrine and offer incense.

One Pillar Pagoda is located within the Ba Dinh Square and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum complex

Hanoi’s Old Quarter – Where Time Hides.

The Hanoi Old Quarter – a unique ancient quarter in Vietnam – is located in Hoan Kiem District and has been compared by Western visitors to the ancient city of Venice. It’s also known as the “36 Streets” area, where each street was dedicated to a specific craft. The quarter preserves traditional houses, cultural and historical structures that showcase the architectural style of both Vietnamese and Asian cultures. The lively activities of daily life, trade, production, and entertainment create a vibrant atmosphere in the quarter.

Hanoi Old Quarter

In addition to these landmarks, Hanoi tourism also includes Ngoc Son Temple, Kim Lien Temple, Hoa Phong Tower, Hanoi Old Citadel, Hanoi Flag Tower, Truc Bach Lake, Presidential Palace, Ba Dinh Square, Uncle Ho’s Stilt House, Hanoi Opera House, National Library, and more.

Introduction to Hanoi – A Culinary Landmark.

Not only Hue, but Hanoi’s cuisine also reflects sophistication and refinement. The dishes here are said to be unparalleled anywhere else. Hanoi’s cuisine has found its way into folk songs and proverbs, encompassing common family meals (such as spinach soup and mashed eggplant) to unique specialties like Lã Vọng fish cakes, Vòng Village green rice flakes, Thanh Trì steamed rice rolls, grilled pork vermicelli, beef pho, and more.

Vong Village Green Rice Flakes – A Delicate Gift from Hanoi’s Locals

Lã Vọng Fish Cakes: Lã Vọng fish cakes have become a renowned delicacy of the capital city, prepared with meticulous craftsmanship. The cakes are made from lang fish, finely ground, marinated, and then grilled. To fully appreciate their flavor, they should be enjoyed while still hot, served with vermicelli, grilled rice paper, fresh herbs, roasted peanuts, sliced onions, and dipped in shrimp sauce.

Thanh Trì Steamed Rice Rolls: This is a simple, familiar dish that showcases the subtlety of Hanoians. The rice rolls are skillfully wrapped around a filling, typically served with cha (grilled pork), herbs, and dipping sauce.

Hanoi Grilled Pork Vermicelli (Bún Chả): A staple for locals and a dish that has garnered praise from both near and far due to its strong traditional flavor.

Pho: Perhaps the most iconic dish that cannot be left unmentioned – a culinary tradition passed down through generations. Hanoi pho comes in various types, including beef pho, chicken pho, stir-fried pho, rolled pho, each with its unique and enticing taste.

Vòng Village Green Rice Flakes (Cốm Làng Vòng): The refreshing green color and delicate fragrance of Vòng Village green rice flakes have created the allure of this dish, a treasured gift of Hanoians. If you have the chance to visit Hanoi, don’t miss the opportunity to savor it!

Hanoi’s culinary scene captures the essence of the city’s culture and history, providing a delightful experience for both locals and visitors alike.

Introduction to Hanoi – Independent Travel Tips.

With the factors mentioned above, Hanoi becomes an attractive destination that draws travelers from near and far, especially international visitors.

Best Time to Travel to Hanoi.

As mentioned, Hanoi has a humid subtropical climate. From May to September (summer), the weather is quite hot and rainy. From November to March of the following year (winter), the weather is cold and dry. In particular, the transition periods between these two seasons, around September to November or March to April, are considered the ideal times to visit Hanoi. During these periods, the weather is warm, mild, and not overly sunny.

Hanoi is perhaps most beautiful in the autumn.

However, most people prefer autumn, with October being the most beautiful month. Towards the end of October, the weather becomes cooler, the streets are covered with golden fallen leaves, the sky is deep blue, the sun is gentle, and flowers are in full bloom, making it perfect for sightseeing and enjoying the scenery.

Getting to Hanoi.

Means of getting to Hanoi: If you are coming from a distant location and your budget allows, flying is a good option. Alternatively, taking a train is cost-effective and convenient for visiting places along the way. If you are from neighboring provinces not too far from Hanoi, you can choose to take a bus or ride a motorbike. In particular, motorbikes are a preferred option for many young people as they offer not only flexibility but also an exciting experience.

Getting around in Hanoi: Upon arriving in Hanoi, tourists can choose from several transportation options: motorbikes (rental price ranges from 200,000 to 300,000 VND per day, depending on the type of bike), taxis (but consider the higher cost), buses, and cyclos for the most budget-friendly travel.

Additionally, you can also opt to rent a private car with a driver in Hanoi from DanangPrivateCar.com’s. With a professional team of drivers and a range of vehicles from 4 to 46 seats for you to choose from, their experienced drivers have years of experience in international passenger transportation, ensuring you a safe, comfortable, and cost-effective trip.

Gaining a deeper understanding of Hanoi will undoubtedly provide you with a solid foundation to fully enjoy your travel experience in an easy and delightful manner. DanangPrivateCar.com’s hopes that through this introduction to Hanoi, you will develop an even greater affection for this land of a thousand years of culture and heritage.