With a total area of 25,000 hectares, Cuc Phuong National Park in Ninh Binh is recognized as Vietnam’s largest primeval forest with a diverse ecosystem. It is also a habitat for hundreds of different butterfly species. During the breeding season, butterflies fill the sky, blending with the green hues of the trees, creating a fairy-tale-like setting for visitors. Not only that, but tourists also have the opportunity to explore various points of interest within the park and engage in incredibly interesting experiences.

If you are seeking an outdoor destination to immerse yourself in nature and enjoy the fresh air, this is an excellent choice.

Travel guide to Cuc Phuong National Park in Ninh Binh

Considered Vietnam’s first national park with the characteristic of a tropical rainforest, lush green all year round, and a diverse animal ecosystem, Cuc Phuong National Park has evolved beyond a mere nature reserve to become a renowned tourist destination in Ninh Binh.

Where is Cuc Phuong National Park located?

Cuc Phuong National Park is situated in Ninh Binh province, 45 km northwest of the city center and 120 km southwest of Hanoi. It shares borders with three provinces: Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, and Thanh Hoa.

How to get to Cuc Phuong National Park in Ninh Binh?

Traveling to Cuc Phuong Forest is convenient, and visitors have various transportation options, including motorcycles, buses, or self-driving cars. Opting for a private car provides more freedom and comfort, allowing stops to admire the beauty of the mountains and landscapes.

  • By car and bus: If coming from Hanoi, take the National Highway 1A towards the Gián Khẩu intersection (Gia Vien district, Ninh Binh city, about 10 km away). Continue onto National Highway 12A, pass through Nho Quan town for approximately 2 km, then turn left to reach Cuc Phuong.
  • By bus: Travelers can catch a bus from Giap Bat bus station to Nho Quan, then transfer to another bus to reach Cuc Phuong.
  • By private car: For those seeking personalized transportation, renting a private car with a driver in Hanoi, such as the services provided by DanangPrivateCar.com, ensures a quick and safe journey to Cuc Phuong National Park. Book your trip from Hanoi to Ninh Binh today for detailed advice.

Additionally, if you’re interested in alternative transportation methods, you can explore more in the article “How to travel from Hanoi to Ninh Binh.”

Ideal Time to Visit Cuc Phuong National Park

Based on shared travel experiences in Ninh Binh, the most suitable time to visit Cuc Phuong National Park is during the dry season, from December to May. During this period, the climate is dry and cool, providing comfortable conditions for exploration. Avoiding the rainy season is advisable, as wet and slippery roads can impact your discovery journey.

Cuc Phuong National Park is most beautiful from February to May

Particularly, if you wish to marvel at the sight of numerous butterflies fluttering like white petals across the sky, late April to early May is the optimal time. Millions of butterflies create a magical and romantic atmosphere, resembling a fairyland.

How much is the entrance fee to Cuc Phuong National Park in Ninh Binh?

  • Adults: 60,000 VND per ticket
  • Students: 20,000 VND per ticket
  • Children: 10,000 VND per ticket

Explore the Ecology of Cuc Phuong National Park

The Cave of Prehistoric Man

Dang Cave, also known as the Cave of Prehistoric Man, is a place preserving the values and traces of prehistoric human habitation. It is considered a precious heritage of Cuc Phuong National Park. This site truly represents a unique cultural aspect in the history of humanity.

The Cave of Prehistoric Man preserves many ancient traces

Con Moong Cave

Located in Thanh Yen commune, Thach Thanh district, Thanh Hoa province, Con Moong Cave is named after a large rock outside the cave that resembles an elongated animal, thus named “Con Moong” (meaning Con Moong animal in the language of the Muong ethnic group). Positioned near a stream with a diverse plant and animal ecosystem, Con Moong Cave served as a dwelling for ancient humans and is an important archaeological site classified as a national monument.

Con Moong Cave,” where ancient people of prehistoric times used to dwell

Crescent Moon Cave

Looking from a distance, the external appearance of Crescent Moon Cave resembles a crescent moon. To reach the cave, visitors need to venture deep into the forest. Therefore, it is essential for visitors not to move independently or separate from the group and to have a guide.

“The Crescent Moon Cave” in Cuc Phuong Forest

Silver Cloud Peak

Situated at an altitude of 648m, visitors can enjoy panoramic views of the entire national park, Bai Dinh Pagoda, and the ancient capital of Hoa Lu from Silver Cloud Peak. However, reaching the summit can be challenging due to steep slopes, making it suitable for adventurous and experienced explorers. Therefore, it is advisable to accompany someone familiar with the terrain.

“The Silver Cloud Peak” is the highest point in Cuc Phuong Forest

Yen Quang Lake – Pho Ma Cave

Travelers need to backtrack about 8km towards Nho Quang, and upon reaching Tri Phuong Bridge, turn west to reach Yen Quang. Moving through the Thung La area towards the foot of the main rocky mountain leads to Pho Ma Cave. Pho Ma Cave is known for its mystical natural architecture, featuring various stalactite formations that create an extraordinary cave structure.

Yen Quang Lake – Pho Ma Cave

Ancient Tree Stump

In Cuc Phuong National Park, there are numerous ancient trees, such as the tall Caodang tree, approximately 45m high with a diameter of 5m. To reach this location, visitors should follow the road accessible by car, pass through the Ancient People Cave for about 2km, and look to the left for the ancient tree stump. Along the way, visitors may encounter various rare species such as red-headed woodpeckers, white-rumped shamas, or black squirrels. Additionally, there is a thousand-year-old Choxanh tree with a circumference equivalent to 20 adults, showcasing the diverse plant life worth exploring.

Ancient Sycamore Tree

Apart from the famous ancient trees, there is another intriguing tree that piques visitors’ curiosity – the sycamore tree. Standing at approximately 45m tall, the sycamore tree has large root systems branching out from the trunk at heights ranging from 10m to 20m. Along the route to the sycamore tree, visitors can admire the beauty of climbing vines, epiphytes, and bird nests. Furthermore, various animals such as woodpeckers, flat-bellied vipers, and singing birds contribute to the tranquil and enchanting atmosphere.

Muong Village

Cuc Phuong Forest is home to the Muong ethnic minority, characterized by a simple and peaceful lifestyle. Their unique cultural features, such as stilt houses, terraced fields, and traditional weaving frames, present an interesting aspect of this community. Visitors should not miss the opportunity to take picturesque photos and experience the culture and traditions of the local ethnic group.

Primate Rescue Center

This center serves as a conservation site for numerous primate species and other endangered animals. When visiting, tourists gain a deeper understanding of primate species and learn interesting facts about these animals. Don’t miss the chance to explore this fantastic location if you have the opportunity to visit.

“The Primate Rescue Center” in Cuc Phuong National Park

What interesting experiences does Ninh Binh National Park offer?

Visitors here, besides exploring the diverse flora and enjoying the beautiful natural scenery, can participate in various eco-tourism programs, relaxation activities, camping, adventure, and more.

Trekking in the deep Cuc Phuong National Park

Cuc Phuong has developed many trekking trails through the forest with different exploration content. Visitors can choose to explore on their own, but under the guidance of a guide, you will undoubtedly gain a better understanding of the flora and fauna here, making the journey more interesting and appealing.

Trekking in the deep Cuc Phuong National Park

Kayaking – the most interesting experience in Cuc Phuong National Park

One of the activities that many visitors love is kayaking on Mac Lake and Yen Quang Lake. The feeling of gently swaying on the water while admiring the surrounding natural scenery is truly wonderful.

Visit Cuc Phuong National Park to see butterflies

In recent years, Cuc Phuong National Park in Ninh Binh has become known for its “specialty,” which is the multitude of butterflies flying in late spring and early summer. With over 400 species of butterflies in various colors, competing to show off their beauty from white to navy blue, earthy brown, rosy pink, etc., it creates a dazzling, mystical picture of Cuc Phuong. If you want to admire this scene, you should plan your visit around late April to early May!

Biking to Explore Cuc Phuong National Park in Ninh Binh

This is a form of exploring the natural mysteries of Cuc Phuong. Biking through the forest will not only give visitors a sense of tranquility and a true appreciation for nature but also provide the opportunity to encounter rare wildlife.

Moreover, for those enthusiasts who want to delve deeper into the ecosystem here, they can participate in experiences such as birdwatching, observing various animals, reptiles, amphibians, or join community activities and enjoy the ethnic cultural performances. All of these contribute to unique and interesting experiences.

Accommodation near Cuc Phuong Forest

At Cuc Phuong National Park, accommodation is divided into three areas: dining, entertainment, and lodging.

  • Park entrance area: Here, there are various lodging options with room prices ranging from 200,000 VND/ticket. The services provided include mountain bikes for rent.
  • Ho Mac area: Offers communal stilt houses and fully equipped rooms, ideal for large groups of travelers. In the evening, guests can light a campfire for warmth and enjoy singing and cultural exchanges.
  • Central area: Visitors can rent upscale apartments or stilt houses with the most comprehensive facilities.

Delicious Specialties at Cuc Phuong

After exploring the natural landscape of Cuc Phuong National Park, visitors can rest and enjoy local specialties such as goat meat and mountain snails. Additionally, there are many other enticing and interesting dishes like grilled backyard chicken, fried carp, and a sip of Muong rice wine.

Some Notes Before Visiting Cuc Phuong National Park

Before visiting Cuc Phuong National Park, tourists should prepare essential items to avoid inconvenience during the exploration. Recommended items include:

  • Comfortable sports shoes and clothing, breathable and rainproof.
  • Hat, medicine, and some light snacks to avoid carrying heavy loads.
  • Camera and binoculars for capturing beautiful photos and getting a clear view of the surrounding mountains and forests.

DanangPrivateCar.com’s has shared the most detailed tourist attractions in Cuc Phuong National Park. It is hoped that the article from DanangPrivateCar.com will provide you with more experience for your exploration of this famous destination. What are you still worried about? Plan your trip now for an extremely exciting vacation.

The Temples of King Dinh and King Le are located in the area commonly known as the Ancient Capital of Hoa Lu, in Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province. When visiting this place, tourists have the opportunity to delve into the historical values of the Vietnamese feudal dynasties during the 10th century. Witnessing the ups and downs of history, this is the only place in Vietnam where you can worship King Dinh, his parents, his sons, and the merits of famous generals. Explore the most special aspects of this historically rich land with DanangPrivateCar.com’s!

The Temples of Kings Dinh and Le – Where are they located?

Situated on a spacious 5-hectare area within the specially protected zone of the national-level cultural-historical relic complex of the ancient capital Hoa Lu, it is located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province. Over more than 1000 years of history, the ancient capital Hoa Lu has preserved historical relics from three dynasties: Dinh, Early Le, and Ly. Among them, the temples dedicated to King Dinh and King Le stand out as culturally and historically significant structures that hold great meaning for future generations.

The gate of the Temple of King Le in Ninh Binh

The temple dedicated to King Dinh Tien Hoang, located in Yen Thuong village, Truong Yen commune, is situated on a spacious area covering nearly 5 hectares, with the Mã Yên mountain as a backdrop, and the temple facing east. The tomb of King Dinh Tien Hoang is located on the summit of Mã Yên Sơn – the reason being that the tomb of King Dinh is placed in the middle of the Mã Yên mountain, resembling a saddle, symbolizing the mission of repelling invaders and safeguarding the nation.

The gate of the Temple of King Dinh in Ninh Binh

According to legend, the temples of King Dinh and King Le were built on the foundation of an ancient palace. According to tradition, when the Ly dynasty left Hoa Lu for the land of Thang Long (present-day Hanoi), the people built two temples to commemorate two national heroes, Định Bộ Lĩnh and Lê Hoàn. Initially, the temples faced north, overlooking the Ho and Che mountains. Over the years, the two temples no longer existed. In the early 17th century, after abandoning the Mac dynasty for the Le dynasty (1600), the regional lord Bui Thoi Trung rebuilt the two temples as before, but this time facing east, as recorded on a stele in 1606. In 1898, Mr. Ba Kenh, also known as Duong Duc Vinh, along with the people of Truong Yen Thuong, repaired the temple of King Dinh, constructed stone door thresholds, and elevated the temple on a stone platform, as it stands today.

Means of transportation to the Temples of King Dinh and King Le

Most domestic and international tourists typically fly to Hanoi before heading to Ninh Binh. Upon arriving at Noi Bai International Airport, travelers can proceed to Ninh Binh by booking a limousine or renting a private car. The travel time for the 100 km journey is approximately 2 hours.

If you are already in Hanoi, you have three options:

  • Train: Ticket prices range from 90,000 to 200,000 VND depending on the train class and seat type. There are morning trains at 6:30 AM and evening trains at 7:20 PM. You will arrive at Ninh Binh Station and then independently take a taxi/motorbike/motorbike taxi to Hoa Lu Ancient Capital.
  • Bus: The ticket price is only around 80,000 VND. The travel time is about 2.5 hours, including rest stops. Buses depart from Giap Bat Bus Station daily, and there are many direct buses to Ninh Binh, making it convenient to reach your destination.
  • Motorbike: If you choose to go by bus, you will take the new National Highway 1A. However, if you travel by motorbike, you will follow the old route, passing through Thuong Tin, then visiting Phu Ly City, Ha Nam Province. Just follow Google Maps, and you will reach the luxurious and sparkling city of Ninh Binh. After an additional 7 km, you will arrive at the Temples of King Dinh and King Le.
  • Private Tourist Car: With the private car service in Hanoi from DanangPrivateCar.com, you can quickly reach Ninh Binh. The door-to-door service, professional drivers, and basic English language assistance will make your trip more comfortable. Book your journey from Hanoi to Ninh Binh today for the fastest way to reach the Temples of King Dinh and King Le.
  • Limousine: There are now many limousine companies operating the Ninh Binh route with the highest quality, offering pick-up and drop-off services at your doorstep for prices ranging from 250,000 to 350,000 VND per ticket. Therefore, do not hesitate to book a seat for a convenient and enjoyable journey to Ninh Binh.

The suitable time to visit the temples of King Dinh and King Le

The ideal time to visit the temples of King Dinh and King Le is during the annual festival dedicated to King Dinh. This festival takes place every year from the 8th to the 10th day of the third lunar month. During this three-day celebration, which typically falls around March 8th, visitors from various regions flock to explore and pay homage to the temples. This period also coincides with mild and pleasant weather, characterized by gentle sunlight and relatively cool temperatures, making it suitable for sightseeing. Additionally, you can consider combining your visit with the Bai Dinh Pagoda festival.

What is special about the Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang?

The history of the formation of the Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang

The Temple of King Dinh, constructed in the 17th century, is part of the historical complex of the ancient capital Hoa Lu and is ranked among the Top 100 famous 100-year-old structures in Vietnam.

A panoramic view of the Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang appears vast when viewed from above.

According to ancient legends, King Dinh and his son Dinh Lien were assassinated by Do Thich in the year 979. Following the court ceremony, a shrine was established with the royal title, personal name, and a temple built to worship them at their hometown. Therefore, the Temple of King Dinh was established from ancient times. Today, the remaining part of the temple reflects the architectural style of the Nguyen Dynasty. In his homeland, there are still many landmarks and legends associated with the childhood of the king as well as Nguyen Bac, Dinh Dien, and other renowned generals from Dai Huu, the same region as King Dinh Tien Hoang.

The Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang – Unique architectural and artistic features

The Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang features unique architectural and artistic elements. It is constructed in the style of “nội công ngoại quốc” (an architectural style with two long corridors connecting the front ancestral house with the rear worship house). The temple forms a rectangular frame surrounding the ancestral house, upper shrine, and other architectural structures in the middle. The inner part of the temple is designed in the shape of the character “工,” while the outer part forms a frame around it like the character “口” in the word “Quốc” (國).

The Temple of King Dinh is built in a “đăng đối” style along the divine axis, starting from the crescent-shaped lake and ending at the Main Hall. As you enter from the outside, you’ll encounter the outer gate called Ngọ Môn Quan, where four Chinese characters “Bắc môn tỏa thược được” are inscribed on the gate’s background. Passing through the gate and looking back, you’ll see another four Chinese characters “Tiền Triều Phượng Các.” In front of the temple is the Crescent Lake, constructed in the architectural style of ancient palaces and adorned with beautiful lotus flowers.

The Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang is part of the Trang An World Heritage Complex, which was recognized by UNESCO in 2014.

The area for worshipping King Dinh Tien Hoang consists of three main halls: Bái Đường (Worship Hall), Thiêu Hương (Incense Offering Hall), and Chính Cung (Main Palace). In front of the central area of Bái Đường, on the dragon yard, stands a stone slab made of whole blue stones combined with exquisite carvings, showcasing remarkable floral patterns and artistic value. This is considered a valuable gift left by the dignitaries of the Dinh era, demonstrating their talent and artistic mastery. Moving from Bái Đường, you will encounter Thiêu Hương, followed by Chính Cung, consisting of five chambers, with the central chamber dedicated to the statue of King Dinh Tien Hoang. The statue is meticulously adorned in gold leaf, wearing the Bình Thiên hat, sitting on a stone slab with a dignified posture. Adjacent to it are statues commemorating the king’s offspring.

Explore the unique features of the Temple of King Le Dai Hanh

Situated not far from the Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang, approximately 300 meters away, is the Temple of King Le – a place dedicated to King Le Dai Hanh. Located in the area of Truong Yen Ha village, Truong Yen commune, it is also known as the Lower Temple. The temple was built on the foundation of the ancient Hoa Lu palace, facing east and with Mount Den as the backdrop, while Mount Dia is situated behind.

This is a place dedicated to King Le Dai Hanh, Queen Duong Van Nga, and some other historical figures of the Early Le Dynasty.

Although the Temple of King Le may not be as grand as the Temple of King Dinh because it has undergone fewer renovations, it has preserved many carvings from the later Le dynasty, making it more intricate than the Temple of King Dinh. The stacked bed carvings in the worship hall are where the art of wood carving converges.

The overall view of the front of the Main Hall of the temple dedicated to King Le Dai Hanh

In the middle of the worship hall area is a beautifully painted and gilded plaque with the four characters “Trường Xuân linh tích” (Truong Xuân Temple relic). On the left side of the hall, there is a plaque with three characters “xuất thánh minh” (emerge as a saint), and on the right is a plaque “Dương thần vũ” (praise the heavenly spirit), along with two couplets as follows: “Thần vũ thiếp tứ lân, thịnh Tống cường Chiêm thủ nhật. Tinh linh tồn thiên cổ, long giang mã truc chi gian,” which means: Divine power moves in all four directions during the reign of prosperity, sacred and everlasting within the region of mountains, rivers, dragons, and horses.

The statue of King Le Dai Hanh is worshipped inside the temple.

The Temples of King Dinh and King Le symbolize the 17th-century wood carving art that reached a refined and exquisite level. These two temples forever stand as symbols of the respect and gratitude of the entire nation, particularly the people of Ninh Binh, towards the two kings who played a significant role in establishing the foundation of national independence in the 10th century.

The festival of the Temples of King Dinh and King Le (Truong Yen Festival) is held annually at the ancient capital Hoa Lu, located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province, where the temples of King Dinh Tien Hoang and King Le Dai Hanh are situated. The festival takes place from the 8th to the 10th day of the lunar calendar each year, attracting a large number of local visitors who come to enjoy the spring festivities.

The Truong Yen Festival reenacts the entire life and career of King Dinh Tien Hoang, from his childhood to the founding of the dynasty. The festival embodies the tradition of “remembering the source” and the deep respect for the ancestors who played a role in suppressing the 12 rebel warlords, unifying the nation under one rule, and establishing the first centralized monarchy in Vietnam. Additionally, the festival contains valuable historical information, contributing to clarifying a period in Vietnamese history that asserts the resilience of the nation through different historical eras.

Some notes you should know when visiting the Temple of King Le and Kinh Dinh

The historical site of Hoa Lu in Ninh Binh, including the Temples of King Le and King Dinh, is a spiritual tourism destination. When visiting these places, DanangPrivateCar.com suggests a few points to note:

  • When entering the temple or pagoda, it is advisable to wear modest clothing, avoiding revealing outfits to maintain the solemnity and respect of the temple.
  • Adhere to the regulations of the site management, avoiding graffiti on the walls.
  • If you want to delve deeper into the history and culture of the ancient capital, don’t hesitate to ask the caretakers at the temple.
  • Avoid causing disorder or making noise to preserve the solemnity of the place and to light incense to show reverence to the kings who contributed to the country.
  • Do not litter and maintain cleanliness, disposing of trash in designated areas to preserve the scenery of the temple.
  • The tourist complex of Hoa Lu in Ninh Binh has many other famous attractions such as Hoa Lu Ancient Town, Thien Ton Cave, etc. Therefore, you can combine your visit with exploring these fascinating tourist spots.

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital is not only a place to admire the beautiful scenery when visiting the land of Ninh Binh but also a site that preserves many cultural and historical values from feudal Vietnam. The cultural space of Vietnam persists forever in the hearts of the people, with destinations imbued with the colors of history from thousands of years of nation-building. This historical richness does not fade away with the passage of time. When you come and experience it in your own journey, you will feel its fullness and develop a deep love for the history that our ancestors diligently nurtured.


Thung Nham Bird Park is located in Hai Nham hamlet, Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province, 12km from the city of Ninh Binh. It is a well-known destination attracting many tourists both domestically and internationally, featuring a combination of cultural and spiritual elements with stunning landscapes. The area boasts tropical forests, extensive cave systems, and abundant waterways. It is also the habitat for various bird species such as storks, herons, egrets, kingfishers, and two rare species, the red-crowned crane and phoenix, both listed in the Red Book.

Inside the Thung Nham complex, there are additional services available, including fishing, team-building activities, exploring flooded forests, and mountain climbing. You and your loved ones will never be short of enjoyable activities when visiting here.

Introduction to Thung Nham Bird Park

Ninh Binh, a land of poetic landscapes, has been generously endowed by nature with prominent attractions such as Trang An, Tam Coc-Bich Dong, and the Vân Long wetland, all of which are majestic. Additionally, when setting foot in this region, Thung Nham Bird Park in Ninh Binh is a must-visit destination while exploring the ancient capital of Hoa Lu. Thung Nham Bird Park is an eco-tourism site located 12km from Ninh Binh city, in Hai Nham hamlet, Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu district, within the core area of the Trang An scenic complex. It has gained popularity among tourists in recent years due to its pristine and fascinating beauty, as well as its refreshing and cool atmosphere.

The landscape of Thung Nham with flocks of flying birds

Nature has favored Thung Nham with an incredibly diverse ecosystem, featuring vast water landscapes with over 300 hectares of flooded forests. This area is the habitat of rare and endangered species, some of which are listed in the world’s Red Book. There are approximately 46 bird species with more than 50,000 individuals, 109 plant species, and 150 animal species.

With a landscape dominated by karst formations combined with evergreen forests, Thung Nham boasts numerous caves. Besides admiring rare wildlife and trying mountain climbing, visitors can explore dry and water caves adorned with colorful stalactites. Some recreational activities here include boat rowing, overnight camping, fishing, cycling, visiting pristine forests, and enjoying meals on a landscape lake.

When to Visit Thung Nham?

You can visit Thung Nham at any time of the year, but perhaps the most special time is during the fall when the weather is cool and crisp. In the evening, you can admire flocks of birds returning to their nests, or in the early morning, you may witness them foraging. The climate during this season is beautiful, not yet fully into winter, so it remains cool and sunny. You can comfortably explore and enjoy the fresh air at Thung Nham, participating in various activities on the premises.

Every season of the year, Thung Nham adorns itself with different colors, creating a very diverse and vibrant Thung Nham.

Thung Nham is beautiful throughout all four seasons, so you can experience it in any season. Avoid the peak months from April to July if you prefer a less crowded atmosphere. The best time to witness the beauty of the bird kingdom is in the fall when the weather is cooler than other months. Observing thousands of birds flying back to their nests, forming flocks under the golden autumn sky, creates a serene scene. If you can’t wait until the evening for this spectacle, you can wake up early at dawn when they leave their nests, listening to the joyful bird songs, like a remedy for the soul.

Regarding the opening hours of the tourist area:

  • Summer hours: 7:30 AM – 6:00 PM
  • Winter hours: 7:30 AM – 5:30 PM

Ticket Prices for Thung Nham Bird Park

Ticket prices for a day of enjoyable exploration at Thung Nham:

  • Adults: 100,000 VND/person
  • Children (height from 0.8m to 1.3m): 50,000 VND/person
  • Children under 0.8m: free

These prices cover entry to the Thung Nham nature reserve, which operates from 7:00 AM to 6:00 PM every day of the week.

For a more comprehensive tour experience, you can also purchase additional tickets to visit the Bird Garden and the But Cave at the following prices:

  • Bird Garden: 20,000 VND/person
  • But Cave: 20,000 VND/person

How to Get to Thung Nham Bird Park

Hanoi is approximately a 2-hour drive from Ninh Binh, so plan your time wisely to arrive here quickly and on time.

You can independently travel by motorbike or personal car if you want to both travel and enjoy the scenery. Follow National Highway 1A to Ninh Binh, and then continue 8km to Tam Coc. Afterward, follow the signs. If you’re not familiar with the route, don’t worry, as Google Maps can assist you. Alternatively, when you reach Ninh Binh, you can ask the locals for help, as they are always willing to assist you.

There are many passenger bus companies operating to Ninh Binh, with prices ranging from 70,000 to 100,000 VND. To catch the bus, go to Giai Bat or My Dinh bus stations. Buses depart approximately every 30 minutes. Some bus companies on the Ninh Binh-Hanoi route include Gia Minh, Cuong Hung, Duc Long, Hoang Thin, and Quang Thang. For added convenience, you can contact limousine bus services, with prices ranging from 150,000 to 200,000 VND. They provide door-to-door pick-up and drop-off services.

The journey to Thung Nham Bird Garden is quite convenient with private transportation services.

If you prefer the train, along the North-South railway line, trains from Hanoi to Ninh Binh run five times a day. Ticket prices range from 100,000 to 250,000 VND, depending on the seat class.

Moreover, if you desire a quick and convenient option with pick-up and drop-off services, you can book a private car with a driver in Ha Noi from DanangPrivateCar.com. With a professional and English-speaking driver, you can easily reach Thung Nham Bird Park.

Once you arrive in Ninh Binh, there are various options for transportation to Thung Nham. Due to the challenging roads, you can consider renting a motorbike in Ninh Binh at a price of 150,000 VND per day. Alternatively, you can take a taxi with fares ranging from 200,000 to 250,000 VND. Some taxi companies in Ninh Binh include Taxi Mai Linh, Minh Long, Xuan Thanh, Trang An, Hoa Lu, Thuy Duong.

Explore the Beauty of Thung Nham Bird Park

Once a pristine wetland, Thung Nham has been transformed into a comprehensive ecological architecture: exploring the flooded and primeval forests, discovering the bird park, eco-tourism, fishing, mountain climbing… suitable for all ages.

Thung Nham offers many beautiful landscapes that may be hard to fully appreciate in just one day. If you have a day at Thung Nham, here are some must-visit places for you to freely roam and admire the scenery.

Thung Nham Bird Conservation Area

This is the place you should visit the most. Amidst the brackish mangrove forest, flocks of pure white birds fly gracefully, a habitat for many bird species such as storks, red-headed cranes, mòng két, herons, and even rare species like the Phoenix, the Red-Crowned Crane… one of the creatures in the mythical quartet: Dragon, Unicorn, Tortoise, and Phoenix. You can explore the bird park by bicycle, but taking a boat is the most convenient way to observe.

Sunset at Thung Nham

But Cave

After visiting the bird park, you will reach But Cave, a natural cave with a system of shimmering and beautiful stalactites over 500m long. Though there is no lighting system yet, you can use electric torches. You will see the image of stalactites forming the mysterious figure of But (Buddha) in the middle of the underground river. It is refreshing here in the summer.

But Cave carries within itself an aura of mystery, steeped in spiritual colors.

Vai Gioi Cave

The name Vai Gioi originated from the ancient times when people used the cave for sky-worshipping ceremonies, praying for a year of favorable weather, abundant crops. Unlike But Cave, Vai Gioi is not a water cave like But Cave, but it is the largest cave in the Thung Nham ecological system. To reach the cave, you have to climb more than 400 stone steps, the path is beautiful and pristine. Inside the cave, there is a lighting system, allowing you to fully admire the stalactites. The cave is divided into 3 levels: Earthly Realm, Underworld, and Heaven; each level contains profound meanings about human life.

Vai Gioi Cave – A cave with unique and distinctive stalactite formations

Tien Ca Cave

Associated with the legend of the mermaid turned to stone in the cave, it is a water cave that stretches through the mountain for 1,500m. It has been planned to be very beautiful with a sparkling lighting system. The entrance to the cave is a beautiful bamboo bridge. The stalactites here are very delicate, with many beautiful shapes, as if crafted by an artisan.

Tien Ca Cave

Heavenly Palace Cave

The name sounds very majestic, and of course, the scenery will not disappoint you when you come to this cave.

Heavenly Palace Cave

Moving Banyan Tree

The banyan tree is associated with many legends along with an ancient temple dedicated to the general of the Dinh family – Viet Thang Dai Vuong. According to local people and scientific evidence, this banyan tree has moved its position around the ancient temple three times, each move lasting 300 years.

Valley of Love Flowers

No need to go to Da Lat to admire the Valley of Love because Thunh Nham already has it. If you love flowers, this is definitely your virtual living spot.

Thousand-Year-Old Pomu Tree

The thousand-year-old Pomu tree has thousands of years with 5 branches like the Buddha’s hand, very unique. The tree is about 3m tall, growing on a large rock. According to legend, the tree was planted during the reign of King Dinh Tien Hoang when the king went on a pilgrimage.

Ecological Garden

Surely this type of garden will be loved by families who want their children to experience it. With an area of 800,000m2, many types of tropical fruits, besides being able to freely pick fruit in the garden, tourists can try their hand at being a farmer, specifically planting vegetables and taking care of animals.

Accommodations near Thung Nham

Planned as an ecotourism area, when visiting Thung Nham, you won’t have to worry about lodging. There are many resorts, hotels, and homestays here, with some providing convenient accommodations within Thung Nham itself, offering all the necessary services. Staying here is particularly convenient as every late afternoon, you can comfortably watch flocks of birds returning to their nests and immerse yourself in nature’s fresh air.

Here are some hotels in the area:

  • Thung Nham Resort Ninh Binh: A familiar 4-star resort very close to nature, surrounded by rivers and mountains. The spacious, green, and airy space is ideal for events, team-building, outdoor activities for families and groups. You can stroll around for relaxation, swim, and rest after tiring days. In the evening, you can cycle around the resort, row a boat to explore the bird garden. The accommodation includes private rooms and dormitories for up to 50 people. The resort has a lake-view restaurant, outdoor dining area, and a chill bar by the lake.
Thung Nham Resort Ninh Binh
  • Tam Coc Garden Resort: Located 2 km from Thung Nham, surrounded by vast rice fields and hills. You can enjoy a day close to pristine nature with various room options, a swimming pool, and free bikes to explore Tam Coc’s rice fields in the evenings. The resort’s restaurant offers delicious dishes from Ninh Binh.
Tam Coc Garden Resort
  • Tan Dinh Farmstay: About 1.5 km from Thung Nham, it’s a budget-friendly option with mountain and lake view rooms, a swimming pool, green spaces, and the option for excellent pre-arranged meals or the possibility to cook your own, experiencing the local market.
Tan Dinh Farmstay
  • Anh Tuan Tam Coc Old Space Bungalow: Located 2.6 km from Thung Nham Bird Garden, these charmingly designed and cozy Bungalows are nestled in the Tam Coc nature. With a restaurant, sunbathing terrace, and a pool, it provides a delightful experience.
  • Tam Coc Valley Homestay: Over 2 km away from the bird garden, these beautiful homestays are interconnected, blending with the picturesque landscape. Featuring a swimming pool, dining restaurant, and bicycles for leisurely exploration.
  • Viet Co Village Hotel: This hotel preserves the appearance of traditional Vietnamese houses, offering luxury and complete amenities for guests.

What to eat when visiting Thung Nham

As it is a large tourist area, Thung Nham Ninh Binh offers a variety of dining options comparable to those in the city. You can find a diverse range of dishes such as goat meat, burnt rice, and Northern-style rice. With decent quality and food safety, you can comfortably dine here without worrying about overcharging.

Mountain Goat Meat in Ninh Binh

Within the Thung Nham Bird Garden, there are also several restaurants serving delicious specialties of Ninh Binh. However, visitors can also enjoy local cuisine at restaurants within the Trang An and Tam Coc Bich Dong scenic areas. When in Ninh Binh, don’t miss the opportunity to try goat meat and burnt rice. In addition to these, you can savor other local specialties such as grilled fish with tram leaves, steamed Thung Nham lake fish, grilled goat with crickets, goat fermented with basil, goat steamed with purple perilla, Ninh Binh mountain snails, grilled bat bun, eel vermicelli, ant egg sticky rice, snakehead fish salad, and Kim Son meatball noodle soup.

Here are some restaurants in Thung Nham and the surrounding area:

  • Magaly-bistro & Bar
    • Address: Ben Thuyen, Tam Coc, Ninh Hai. Specializes in Ninh Binh’s local specialties such as goat meat, steamed Thung Nham lake fish, and grilled goat with crickets.
  • Thung Nham Restaurant – Café – Bar
    • Located on a peninsula amidst a clear blue lake, Thung Nham Restaurant and Hill Coffee offer a breathtaking 360-degree view, capturing the serene landscape of the peaceful valley. The design, blending with nature and featuring pleasant wooden and floral colors, creates a relaxing and cozy atmosphere. There are five dining rooms named after the 5b list of rare birds in Thung Nham, each with a 360-degree view.
  • Tam Coc Lantern Restaurant
    • Tam Coc Street, 200 meters from the boat dock, making it easily accessible.
  • Dao PhuKet Restaurant
    • Located in Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh, near the boat dock, this restaurant also has a bar, making it suitable for young people and Western guests who come to enjoy

Some Notes When Visiting Thung Nham

As this is an outdoor recreational activity, there are some important notes to consider:

  • Hat or umbrella to protect against sun and rain.
  • Sunscreen or mosquito repellent to protect against insects.
  • A pair of comfortable sports shoes for extensive exploration without getting tired.
  • Thung Nham Ninh Binh map to proactively choose places to visit or plan ahead to not miss any interesting activities.
  • Bird watching hours are usually from 4-6 pm, depending on the day and season. You can contact the tourism management in advance to ensure you don’t miss the bird-watching hours.

Above is the article from DanangPrivateCar.com’s about the eco-tourism site Thung Nham Bird Park. We hope that this information will enhance your travel experiences. Wishing you and your family a joyful and safe journey.

As a famous destination in northern Vietnam, where valuable relics dating back thousands of years are preserved, many people still do not know where the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh is located or what interesting things to explore in a few days. Along with the Trang An tourist complex, the ancient capital of Hoa Lu has been recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage. When traveling to Ninh Binh and exploring the land of Hoa Lu, you will have the opportunity to admire historical relics from the Dinh – Le – Ly feudal dynasties.

Introduction to the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh

The ancient capital of Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh, is known as a complex of historical and architectural relics, recognized as one of the four core zones within the World Heritage Site of Trang An. This place has witnessed over 1000 years of the ebb and flow of history, and it still preserves historical relics from various periods, especially from the Dinh and Le dynasties.

Hoa Lu – Ninh Binh used to be the ancient capital of Vietnam

Hoa Lu was also the first imperial capital of the feudal dynasties in the Central region. It not only bears the marks of the kings but also gathers many famous landmarks. That is why many tourists, when visiting Ninh Binh, want to spend a day exploring the ancient capital.

The historical site of the ancient capital Hoa Lu encompasses which areas?

Currently, the entire complex of relics in the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh, includes three zones: the special protection zone, the buffer zone, and other significant historical sites. Among these, the special protection zone is the area containing historical relics from various royal dynasties that need to be safeguarded and preserved.

Special Protection Zone

Covering an area of 3 km2, the special zone in Hoa Lu includes all the historical sites within the Hoa Lu citadel, such as the temples of King Dinh, King Le Dai Hanh, Co Am Pagoda, the tombs of King Dinh-Le, Princess Phat Kiem’s shrine, Nhat Tri Pagoda, Kim Ngan Pagoda, Vườn Thiên Palace, and more. It also encompasses part of the Trang An tourist complex.

Buffer Zone

With an expansive area of over 10 million km2, the buffer zone of the ancient capital Hoa Lu includes the Trang An landscape and scenic areas along both sides of the Sao Khe River.

Directly Related Historical Sites

This category includes historical sites like Bai Dinh Pagoda, Hoa Lu Cave, the East Gate, the South Gate, and some other temples and shrines.

Travel experience in the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh

Where is the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh?

  • Location: Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province.

The historical and cultural heritage site of the Ancient Capital Hoa Lu includes the special protection zone, buffer zone, and the Thien Ton Cave site, as well as the Bai Dinh Pagoda, all situated within the limestone mountain system in the Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province. It shares boundaries with Gia Vien and Hoa Lu districts. This location is approximately 100 km south of the capital city, Hanoi.

Guidelines on how to travel from Hanoi to Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh

From Hanoi, it’s easy to rent a motorbike or take a bus to the city of Ninh Binh. Hoa Lu is about 15 km from the city center, and upon reaching Ninh Binh, you can rent a motorbike in Ninh Binh or book a taxi to get to the ancient capital Hoa Lu.

You can choose to ride a motorbike from Hanoi as it provides much more convenience. You can take advantage of a one-day trip to Ninh Binh to explore other attractive destinations such as the Trang An tourist complex or Bai Dinh Pagoda. These locations are in close proximity, only a few dozen kilometers apart, making the motorbike journey relatively comfortable.

Alternatively, you can opt for a private car with a driver in Ha Noi from DanangPrivateCar.com. With our private car service, we will pick you up and take you to your destination without the hassle of searching for public transportation, which can be challenging in Vietnam. Moreover, with a private car service, you can relax and explore many other tourist attractions along the way. Book your private car journey from Hanoi to Ninh Binh today for the best travel experience.

Visiting the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh, at what time?

Ninh Binh is renowned as the land of the ancient capital, especially the area of Hoa Lu, where a series of unique festivals take place annually to commemorate the kings who contributed to the nation’s construction. According to travel experience in the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh, it is recommended to choose one of the following times for the most beautiful experience:

  • Traveling to the ancient capital Hoa Lu in early spring: After the Lunar New Year, there are numerous festivals, providing an opportunity to experience the unique festivals of Ninh Binh during this time.
The beginning of the year is the best time to travel to the Ancient Capital Hoa Lu
  • Traveling to Ninh Binh in May: The period from March to May is the dry season in northern provinces, offering beautiful weather for travel before the onset of the rainy season. Additionally, a piece of good news is that late May is the season of ripe rice in Ninh Binh. Therefore, visiting the ancient capital Hoa Lu combined with other places like Hang Mua, Tam Coc – Bich Dong to explore the enchanting beauty of golden ripening rice fields is highly recommended.
  • Traveling to Ninh Binh in March: is the time when the Truong Yen Festival, also known as the Co Lau Festival, takes place. It is a traditional festival in the ancient capital held annually from the 8th to the 10th day of the third lunar month.

Note: It’s advisable to take advantage of the dry season, from around November to March of the following year. It’s recommended to avoid visiting during the flood season, as you may not be able to navigate boats into the caves. Also, be sure that the weather in the summer will be sunnier and cooler compared to winter.

Visiting the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh, which landmarks should you explore?

Impressive King’s temples

Historical sites associated with feudal dynasties always have a significant allure. That’s why, during your one-day trip to Ninh Binh, make sure to visit the most prominent landmarks in the ancient capital of Hoa Lu. You can choose to visit several locations or explore them all if time permits.

The Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang

Over more than 1000 years of history, the relics in the ancient capital of Hoa Lu may not be completely intact, but some important ones are still preserved to this day. When traveling to Ninh Binh and exploring the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, two remarkable and impressive landmarks that you should visit are the temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang and the temple of King Le Thanh Tong.

The Temple of King Le Dai Hanh.

The Temple of King Le Dai Hanh is located about 500 meters away from the Temple of King Dinh Tien Hoang. Although it is a small temple, it has been built for a long time, bearing the marks of age with moss-covered ancient charm. However, due to its beautiful architecture and historical significance, it has attracted many tourists to visit.

The architectural structure of the Temple of King Le Dai Hanh is similar to that of the Temple of King Dinh, consisting of three main halls: Bai Duong, Thieu Huong, and Chinh Cung. The temple features numerous statues adorned with gold leaf, creating a mystical and luxurious ambiance. A noticeable highlight here is perhaps the main pathway leading to the temple, paved with clean bricks. It leads through the main gate, with a raised rockery on the left and an artificial mountain on the right, standing 3 meters tall and sculpted in the shape of a phoenix. It looks majestic and, on the right side, there is a worship house with a similar rockery. The temple dedicated to King Le can be considered a representative example of the 17th-century architectural and sculptural art

Distance to the ancient temple in Hoa Lu

Apart from the area of the temples dedicated to Kings Dinh and Le, the ancient capital Hoa Lu is also renowned for its ancient communal houses and temples.

  • Nhat Tru Pagoda: Reputed as the oldest stone pagoda in Vietnam, Nhat Tru Pagoda, also known as One-Pillar Pagoda, was built during the reign of King Le Dai Hanh. It still seems to preserve the Pillar of Buddha’s teachings, holding significant value in terms of art, culture, and historical meaning.
The tranquil scenery at Bai Dinh Pagoda
  • Bai Dinh Pagoda: Being the most famous spiritual destination in Ninh Binh, Bai Dinh Pagoda is one of the temples that holds many “firsts” in Vietnam. If you have the chance to visit the pagoda at night, you’ll witness a majestic scene with bright golden lights. During the day, it’s an opportunity to explore a complex of temples over 1000 years old, where historical relics from various dynasties are still present.

In addition to the two famous pagodas, Ninh Binh’s historical and cultural area also preserves many other ancient temples such as Bàn Long Pagoda, Kim Ngan Pagoda, Am Tien Cave Pagoda, Ba Ngo Pagoda, etc., which carry cultural and Buddhist values.

Some famous festivals in the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh: Truong Yen Festival, Tran Temple Festival, Dinh Bo Linh Temple Festival, Bai Dinh Pagoda Festival, Hoa Lu Cave Festival.

What specialties should you enjoy when traveling to the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh?

Crispy Rice in Ninh Binh

Crispy rice, a famous dish in the ancient capital region, has been around for hundreds of years. Originally a dish of the Hoa people, it has been skillfully transformed into a delicious specialty. It leaves a lasting impression with its unique recipe, using fragrant Hai Hau eight-grain rice from Nam Dinh. Only those knowledgeable in the culinary arts can create the delicious flavor of crispy rice. Locals in Ninh Binh often pair crispy rice with mountain goat sauce, made from goat meat with a sweet, aromatic, and rich taste. This combination with crispy rice is highly praised. During your trip to Ninh Binh, you can visit local restaurants to savor this dish and purchase some as gifts for your family.

Ninh Binh Crispy Rice

Mountain Goat Meat in Ninh Binh

When it comes to delicious goat meat, the breed of mountain goats in Ninh Binh is worth mentioning. These goats are famous for their aromatic, lean, and firm meat. While mountain goats are found in many places, those in Ninh Binh have a distinct flavor due to the limestone mountainous areas abundant in various types of grass and herbs, serving as the goats’ food. Connoisseurs often enjoy goat meat with wild vegetables, Kim Son wine, and crispy rice.

Mountain Goat Meat in Ninh Binh

Kim Son Wine in Ninh Binh

Kim Son Wine is well-known, with numerous craft villages specializing in wine-making, such as Phat Diem, Hoa Lac, Lai Thanh, and more. The excellence of the wine lies in the meticulous processing and unique secrets passed down through generations. The fermentation process uses a blend of 36 traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, combined with fragrant glutinous rice, resulting in a precious wine with a distinctive aroma that delights the palate of connoisseurs.

Some notes when visiting the Ancient Capital Hoa Lu

  • Hoa Lu is a renowned spiritual tourist destination, so it’s advisable to dress modestly and respectfully. When visiting the temples of King Dinh and King Le, maintain a gentle and orderly demeanor to preserve the solemnity and show respect to the kings who contributed to the country.
  • Do not litter.
  • Adhere to the regulations set by the site management.
  • If you’re traveling to Ninh Binh independently, it’s recommended to check the map beforehand for the convenience of your journey.
  • If you want to learn more about the cultural and historical aspects of the Hoa Lu region, proactively ask the site management for additional information about this ancient capital.

Explore tourism in the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh. DanangPrivateCar.com would like to present to our valued readers to provide a clearer view and gain more understanding about the ancient capital Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh. This article will help you choose additional places to visit in Ninh Binh. Ninh Binh is not only a place where nature generously bestows charming landscapes but also a location that preserves many cultural and historical values. If you still encounter difficulties or have questions about your trip to Ninh Binh, please contact us through…

The Phat Diem Cathedral in Ninh Binh is an ancient architectural masterpiece over 100 years old, built over 30 years with a distinctive Asian-European architectural style that sets it apart from other churches in Vietnam. It is considered the ‘Catholic Capital of Vietnam.’ What makes this architectural style unique? Today, let’s explore the Phat Diem Cathedral in Ninh Binh with DanangPrivateCar.com.

Introduction to Phat Diem Stone Cathedral

The ensemble of the cathedral is a harmonious blend of Eastern temple architecture and Western Gothic style, creating an architectural complex like a pond, the Mother Mary’s sanctuary.

Unlike the towering or grand architectural styles of churches in the Hai Hau, Nam Dinh region, Phat Diem Stone Cathedral follows the architectural style of temples and pagodas. The cathedral is designed with a curved roof resembling a temple, with a cross-shaped tower resembling the Buddha on a lotus pedestal.

Phat Diem Stone Cathedral is the oldest church in Vietnam

Built in 1892 and completed after more than 30 years, it is the oldest church in the country to date. If you come to Ninh Binh to explore the natural beauty of Tam Coc – Bich Dong, the scenic complex of Trang An, the Bai Dinh Pagoda that holds many records in Vietnam, do not miss this famous spiritual tourist destination in Ninh Binh!

The history of Phat Diem Church.

In the early 19th century, this land remained largely untouched, characterized by mudflats and wild vegetation. In 1828, a talented official named Nguyen Cong Tru arrived. Renowned and appointed as “Dinh Dien Su” by the Hue court, he explored this new region. He played a significant role in establishing Tien Hai district (Thai Binh) and Kim Son district (Ninh Binh), both prosperous areas known as the “golden mountains and silver seas.”

Explore the 130-year-old Phat Diem Cathedral in Ninh Binh, the Oldest in Vietnam

The complex of Phat Diem Church was built in the Kim Son region under the leadership of Father Peter Tran Luc (commonly known as Cu Sau, 1825-1899). Cu Sau served as the main priest of Phat Diem from 1965. During his 34 years as the head priest, Cu Sau dedicated himself to educating the community and fostering moral values among the parishioners. Notably, he had a broad perspective in overseeing the construction of the Phat Diem Stone Church complex. The materials used for the church were of the highest quality of that time, including stone and ironwood. This place is also referred to as the “spiritual capital of Catholicism in Vietnam.

The most suitable time to visit Phat Diem Cathedral in Ninh Binh.

With the mild and cool weather in Ninh Binh throughout the year, occasionally accompanied by light rain, tourists can visit Phat Diem Cathedral at any time from January to December. However, based on the travel experience of DanangPrivateCar.com, the most suitable time to visit Phat Diem Cathedral is during the annual Christmas season. During Christmas, the place hosts many meaningful activities, and the meticulous and elaborate decorations will undoubtedly surprise and astonish you with the splendid beauty of the cathedral

Guide to getting to Phat Diem Stone Church

Phat Diem Stone Church is located approximately 28 km from Ninh Binh City and about 120 km from Hanoi, so you can reach it by various means of transportation: motorbike, car, train, and even buses.

  • Motorbike, Scooter, or Bicycle: This is the most convenient option, especially for young travelers. From Hanoi, take the Giải Phóng Road, follow National Highway 1A to Phu Ly City in Ha Nam Province, and then continue towards Ninh Binh City. Move approximately 30 km further south to reach Phat Diem Stone Church.
  • Passenger Cars: If you prefer not to drive or are unsure of directions, you can take a passenger car to Ninh Binh. You can catch a bus at stations like My Dinh or Giap Bat with prices ranging from 70,000 to 100,000 VND. After about a 2-hour journey, you will arrive in Ninh Binh City. From there, you can rent a motorbike in Ninh Binh or take a taxi to Phat Diem Stone Church.
  • Private Car: For a quick, safe, and convenient option with door-to-door service, you can book a private car with a driver in Hanoi from DanangPrivateCar.com. With a professional driver and basic English communication skills, your trip will be smoother. Book a private car from Hanoi to Ninh Binh today to arrange your schedule effortlessly.

Explore the 130-year-old Phat Diem Stone Cathedral

Upon arrival, you will be amazed by the grandeur and intricate design of this cathedral. Various materials, such as ponds, lakes, statues, bell towers, large churches, and artificial stone caves, were transported from remote areas such as Nghe An, Thanh Hoa, covering hundreds of kilometers to build this cathedral in Ninh Binh. In primitive working conditions, thousands of tons of stone and hundreds of large ironwood logs, some exceeding 12 meters in length and weighing over 7 tons, were transported to construct this impressive structure.

In contrast to other churches in Vietnam, the distinctive feature of Phat Diem Stone Cathedral lies in its harmonious blend of Eastern and Western architectural styles. All elements are arranged in a comprehensive pattern resembling the Chinese character “王.” The open space following the principles of Eastern Feng Shui, with water in the front and mountains in the back, symbolizes the ancient belief in ensuring good, peaceful lives.

The Phat Diem Cathedral complex includes a large church and five small churches. One of them, constructed with natural stone, is called the Stone Church, accompanied by a bell tower and an artificial stone cave.

Phuong Dinh (Bell Tower)

Perhaps the masterpiece of Phat Diem Stone Cathedral in Ninh Binh, Phuong Dinh, meaning a square house resembling a large village communal house, is 21 meters wide and 25 meters high with three floors. The entrance gate of Phuong Dinh is designed like a traditional Tam Quan gate, constructed with green stone using exquisite techniques. On the stone walls, there are bas-reliefs of saints and depictions of the life of Jesus. The top floor of Phuong Dinh has five tower blocks, with the central block containing a 2-ton bell, producing sound audible up to 10 kilometers. The four surrounding blocks feature statues of four saints holding the Gospel, resembling lotus buds, representing the harmonious integration of Eastern and Western cultures.

Phuong Dinh (Bell Tower) is impressively designed

Large Church Area

Situated in the central position is the large church area, 74 meters long, 21 meters wide, with four roofs and five intricately carved entrances. The main area is the church, housing a large stone altar adorned with typical seasonal patterns on both the front and back. The unique small churches, from pillars to foundations, walls, and doors, are all carved from stone.

The roofing system is built in the traditional overlapping style with two layers, interrupted by windows for both light and a lofty appearance. At the end of the church is a stone canopy made from granite, forming five entrances to lead into the church. The floor and vertical surface are both inclined towards the central main entrance, creating a gradually decreasing elevation on both sides. The top of the tower is tiled with graceful curved tiles, reflecting the unique combination of East Asian architecture. Wooden worship items inside the church are painted with gold, creating a traditional Vietnamese sacred space.

Heart of the Blessed Mother

Among the five small churches in Phat Diem, there is one made of stone called the Heart of the Blessed Mother. This structure, initiated by Mr. Sau, is 15.3 meters long and 8.5 meters wide. The majority of the floor, columns, rafters, walls, and towers are made of stone, hence the local nickname “Stone Church.”

The Heart of the Blessed Mother is the focal point of Phat Diem Stone Cathedral.

The Christmas festival is a significant celebration in Catholicism, making it a cultural gathering for the community in the Phat Diem diocese. On Christmas Eve, the church is beautifully decorated with colorful lights, fluorescent rocks, and Christmas trees, creating a unique and splendid atmosphere. This festive event, different from the solemn and sacred regular Christmas ceremonies, attracts both locals and tourists.

Despite over 100 years of existence and facing natural disasters and wars, the Phat Diem Stone Cathedral remains resilient and well-preserved. The architectural ensemble of Kim Son Stone Cathedral has been recognized as a national historical and cultural relic since 1988.

Inside Phat Diem Stone Cathedral, there are numerous beautiful bas-reliefs.

Although Phat Diem Cathedral is a Catholic architectural structure, it emulates the traditional architectural elements of Vietnamese temples with its curved, boat-shaped roofs, entirely built with Lim wood commonly used in Vietnamese temples. Additionally, the stone is sourced from Thien Duong Mountain, 30 kilometers from Phat Diem. Precious stones are extracted from Nhoi Mountain near Thanh Hoa.

Despite the challenges of transporting seven-ton logs and twenty-ton stone slabs in a rudimentary manner, this construction marvelously stands in Ninh Binh.

Phat Diem Cathedral features intricate carvings and decorations. The surrounding area is adorned with numerous familiar symbols from Vietnamese villages, such as dragons, unicorns, turtles, phoenixes, pine trees, bamboo, apricots, and lotus flowers. Bas-reliefs skillfully carved on green stone blocks were crafted by the talented artisans of that era.

In summary, Phat Diem Stone Cathedral is a unique architectural work that intertwines Buddhism and Christianity, blending Eastern and Western cultural elements. With a style and structure bearing the imprints of traditional temples in East Asia, the stone cathedral not only serves as a place of worship for Catholic believers but also provides a sense of peace and protection for the Vietnamese people.

Some notes when visiting Phat Diem Stone Cathedral

  • When exploring the historical sites in the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, visitors should maintain their composure, avoiding actions that may disturb those around them, such as sitting or stepping on statues.
  • Here, there are souvenir stalls offering local specialties from the Ninh Binh region, such as Kim Son wine and crispy rice. After your visit, you can consider these items as gifts for your family and friends.
  • You should also choose appropriate attire for your visit to this sacred tourist spot. Additionally, it’s advisable to bring water to replenish your energy for fully exploring this unique cathedral.
  • Furthermore, when visiting this attraction, don’t forget to take photos at the Phat Diem Tile Bridge. This bridge has been featured on Vietnam’s postage stamps.

Phat Diem Cathedral in Ninh Binh is a representative example of a unique architectural style—a marvel left by our forefathers for future generations. If you have the opportunity to travel to Ninh Binh, don’t forget to explore this landmark! It will be a place that provides you with fascinating and educational insights. Additionally, Ninh Binh has many other famous tourist destinations waiting for you to visit. This article from DanangPrivateCar.com’s is a gift to our valued readers, aiming to provide you with more information about this location.

Ninh Binh is known as a popular tourist destination with rich natural landscapes and distinctive architectural structures. Let’s explore the following must-visit tourist destinations in Ninh Binh together with DanangPrivateCar.com!

Tourist destinations in Ninh Binh

Cuc Phuong National Park

Cuc Phuong National Park (or Cuc Phuong Forest) is the first national park in Vietnam, situated on the borders of three regions: Northwest, Red River Delta, and North Central, spanning three provinces: Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, and Thanh Hoa.

Cuc Phuong National Park

This national park plays a crucial role in the conservation of endangered species that are at risk of extinction. When you visit Cuc Phuong Forest, you can marvel at and learn about a diverse ecosystem characteristic of tropical rainforests.

Furthermore, you will have the opportunity to engage in eco-tourism activities, relaxation, camping, adventure, and cultural and historical research.

Ticket prices for Cuc Phuong National Park:

  • Adults: 60,000 VND per visit
  • Students: 20,000 VND per visit
  • Children: 10,000 VND per visit

Trang An Eco-Tourism Complex

Located 7 kilometers west of Ninh Binh city center, Trang An is one of the famous tourist destinations in Ninh Binh that you must visit. It is an eco-tourism area within the Trang An World Heritage Site, known for preserving a variety of aquatic ecosystems, limestone mountain forests, archaeological sites, and historical and cultural relics. In 2014, Trang An Eco-Tourism Complex was recognized as a dual World Heritage Site by the Vietnamese government and UNESCO.

The charming landscape of Trang An Eco-Tourism Complex is truly captivating

Often referred to as “Halong Bay on land,” Trang An attracts tourists with its diverse natural limestone formations and caves. Visitors can enjoy the captivating natural scenery and experience moments of tranquility while immersing themselves in a unique cultural and spiritual environment.

See more articles about: Ticket Prices for Trang An Eco-Tourism Site 2023 and Ninh Binh Tourist Attractions

Bai Dinh Pagoda

Bai Dinh Pagoda is located on National Highway 38B in Gia Sinh commune, Gia Vien district, Ninh Binh province, approximately 15 kilometers from Ninh Binh city center. It is a large temple complex known for various records, both in Asia and Vietnam.

The tranquil scenery at Bai Dinh Pagoda

The Bai Dinh temple complex consists of an ancient temple area and a new temple area built since 2003. Beyond its spiritual significance, this place impresses with its grand and unique architecture, including the Bao Thap (Stupa), a 100-meter tall statue of Buddha, Bell Tower, Phat Ba Temple, and Phong Sinh Lake.

Therefore, Bai Dinh Pagoda is undoubtedly a destination that should not be missed.

King Dinh and King Le Temples

King Dinh Tien Hoang Temple is an important historical site in the special protection area of the Hoa Lu ancient capital heritage site. The temple is located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh.

King Dinh Temple, along with King Le Temple, is ranked among the “Top 100 famous 100-year-old constructions in Vietnam.” Like other historical sites in the Hoa Lu ancient capital area, King Dinh Temple is part of the Trang An World Heritage Site, which was recognized by UNESCO in 2014.

The gate of the Temple of King Le in Ninh Binh

King Le Dai Hanh Temple is a national historical and cultural monument within the special heritage site of Hoa Lu ancient capital in Ninh Binh province. The temple is dedicated to King Le Dai Hanh, Queen Duong Van Nga, Le Long Dinh, as well as Princess Le Thi Phat Ngan and General Pham Cu Luong.

The gate of the Temple of King Dinh in Ninh Binh

The temple is located 300 meters from King Dinh Tien Hoang Temple in the ancient Eastern Capital of Hoa Lu, now the Yen Thanh village, Truong Yen commune, Ninh Binh.

To see more details about: Visiting the Temples of King Dinh Tien Hoang and King Le Dai Hanh in Ninh Binh, please refer to the article

Mua Cave

Mua Cave is situated at the base of Mua Mountain within the eco-tourism complex in Khe Dau Ha hamlet, Ninh Xuan commune, Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh.

The highlight of this tourist destination, apart from its beautiful landscapes, is the pathway leading to the summit of Mua Mountain, designed to resemble the architecture of the Great Wall of China, with nearly 500 stone steps.

Mua Cave in Ninh Binh is a beautiful location where you can admire the tranquil nature.

From the top of Mua Mountain, visitors can admire the breathtaking panoramic view of Tam Coc, a famous scenic spot in Ninh Binh.

According to legend, King Tran used to visit this place to enjoy the performances of beautiful women and courtiers, thus the name “Mua Cave.”

Tam Coc – Bich Dong Tourist Area

One of the renowned tourist destinations in Ninh Binh is Tam Coc – Bich Dong Tourist Area. Tam Coc – Bich Dong is also known by famous names like “Halong Bay on land” or the “Second nicest grotto under the Southern Heaven,” and it is a national key tourist area in Vietnam.

Tam Coc Bich Dong deserves the title of Ha Long Bay on land

The entire area includes a network of limestone caves and historical relics related to the Vu Lam Palace of the Tran Dynasty, mainly located in Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu, Ninh Binh. The Trang An – Tam Coc scenic complex is ranked as a special national monument and has been recognized by UNESCO as a dual World Heritage Site.

The ticket price for visiting Tam Coc – Bich Dong is 120,000 VND for adults and 60,000 VND for children.

Van Long Nature Reserve

Van Long Lagoon is the largest wetland natural conservation area in the North Central region of Vietnam, located in the northeastern part of Gia Vien district, Ninh Binh province. In 1999, this area became a natural conservation area, listed in the inventory of wetland conservation areas and the list of specialized forest systems in Vietnam.

Van Long Lagoon boasts a poetic and sentimental landscape with majestic mountain ranges, crystal-clear water surfaces, and the melodic songs of the storks

Van Long is not only a natural conservation area but also an attractive landscape. It is known as the “waveless bay” because when traveling by boat on the lagoon, visitors will see the water surface as smooth as a giant mirror.

The landscape reflects the robust lines of limestone mountains with names such as Cat Scratch Mountain, Sticky Rice Mountain, Ant’s Nest Mountain, Stone Table Mountain, Leaning Mountain, Orphan Mountain, Fairy Mountain, and more.

  • The ticket price for visiting Van Long is 20,000 VND per person.

Phat Diem Cathedral

Phat Diem Stone Cathedral, often referred to as Phat Diem Cathedral, is a complex of Catholic churches spanning about 22 hectares in Phat Diem town, Kim Son district. It is a significant architectural achievement and serves as the main cathedral for the extensive Phat Diem diocese in northern Vietnam.

Explore the 130-year-old Phat Diem Cathedral in Ninh Binh, the Oldest in Vietnam

Constructed entirely from stone and wood, Phat Diem Cathedral was initiated in 1875 and was essentially completed by 1898. What makes this structure unique is that, although it is a Catholic cathedral, it is designed to resemble traditional Vietnamese temple and pagoda architecture.

This architectural complex was gradually constructed by Father Petro Tran Luc (also known as Cu Sau), a priest in the Phat Diem diocese since 1865, along with Catholic parishioners over a span of more than 30 years.

Thach Bich – Thung Nang

Thung Nang is an attractive tourist destination in Ninh Binh, featuring ripe rice fields and emerald-green rivers.

Thung Nang is located in Dam Khe hamlet, Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu district. True to its name, the sunlight bathes everything in its warmth, from leaves and simple thatched-roof houses by the water’s edge to the bottom of the river, creating a brilliant and peaceful landscape.

Boating leisurely in Thung Nang

Thung Nang is divided into two parts: Thung Nang Outside (covering 3 hectares) and Thung Nang Inside (covering more than 5 hectares). These two areas are connected by a system of caves and tunnels in the mountains, with low ceilings and various stalactites hanging down in unique shapes.

Thung Nham Bird Park in Ninh Binh

The Thung Nham Bird Park is currently one of the popular tourist destinations in Ninh Binh, attracting visitors with its pristine beauty and fascinating features, with a highlight being the bird garden – a residence for thousands of birds of various species.

Thung Nham Ecotourism Area in Ninh Binh has become a highly favored tourist spot by both domestic and international travelers in recent times. This tourist area is one of the core destinations within the Trang An World Heritage Site, situated in the hills of Hai Nham, Hai Nham village, Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province.

Sunset at Thung Nham

With a natural flooded forest ecosystem covering an area of approximately 334.2 hectares, including 19 hectares of primary forest, Thung Nham Bird Garden is the habitat for around 46 bird species, 109 plant species, 150 animal species, and more.

Ken Ga – Van Trinh Tourism Area

The Ken Ga – Van Trinh Tourism Area is one of the largest tourist destinations in Ninh Binh. It is situated in the Hoang Long River intertidal zone, bordering Gia Vien and Nho Quan districts, connecting two famous attractions: Ken Ga hot spring and Van Trinh cave.

This natural ecological area seamlessly blends natural landscapes, including rivers, mountains, ponds, and fields, making it an ideal place for tourism development.

Dong Chong Lake

Dong Chong Lake is a natural freshwater lake located at the border of Phu Loc and Phu Long communes in Nho Quan district. The lake has a vast water surface.

The landscape surrounding the lake is pristine and tranquil, with pine-covered hills and a small, always full, clear-water lake on top of a high hill.

Since 2008, Ninh Binh’s tourism sector has opened an eco-tourism area at Dong Chong Lake, including various facilities such as boat rides, entertainment areas, wooden house resorts, sports areas, and camping grounds.

Yen Quang Lake

Yen Quang Lake is a system of four large lakes named Lake 1, Lake 2, Lake 3, and Lake 4, separated by a system of water control dams. Three of the larger lakes are in Yen Quang commune, while Lake 4 is almost entirely in Van Phuong commune.

Yen Quang Lake is a scenic attraction located at the edge of Cuc Phuong National Park. In the middle of the lake, there is a small island with a shrine, and the lake’s water is a gathering place for many waterfowl.

The serene and pristine environment of the lake, surrounded by pine-covered hills, offers a tranquil and dreamlike setting amid the virgin mountains and forests. Yen Quang Lake is also a popular fishing spot for locals and tourists.

Non Nuoc Mountain

Non Nuoc Mountain, also known as Duc Thuy Son, is a mountain situated at the confluence of the Van and Day rivers, between the Non Nuoc Bridge and the Ninh Binh Bridge.

Non Nuoc Mountain

This mountain serves as a natural fortress at the eastern gateway to Ninh Binh city. To reach the summit of Non Nuoc Mountain, you must climb 72 stone steps divided into 5 sections. The mountaintop is relatively flat and surrounded by lush greenery, providing a convenient place for visitors to rest and relax.

At the base of Non Nuoc Mountain is Non Nuoc Temple, an ancient temple dating back to the reign of King Ly Nhan Tong. In 2006, the temple underwent significant renovations while maintaining its solemn and quiet atmosphere.

Thien Ha Cave

Thien Ha Cave is located in the Tuoong mountain range with an elevation of nearly 200 meters. It is part of the natural fortification that protected the western and southern sides of the 10th-century Hoa Lu capital, closely connected to historical and cultural landmarks such as the Nha Le Boat Dock, Phat Dau Son Mountain, Thua Ruong Dau Linh, and others.

Thien Ha Cave consists of dry and wet caves
Thien Ha Cave consists of dry and wet caves

To reach Thien Ha Cave, visitors start from Muong Tho Ha village in Son Ha commune, taking a boat on a small canal about 1 kilometer long, meandering through the countryside. The stone formations in the cave, created by nature, are named in an intriguing manner, such as a fox eating its prey, an elephant with tusks, a tiger pouncing on its prey, a monkey climbing a tree, and more, along with depictions of the Buddha and a monk reciting prayers.

Ninh Binh Museum

Ninh Binh Museum is located in the southern part of Thuy Son Cultural Park, at 25 Le Dai Hanh, Van Gia, Ninh Binh. The museum is designed with three stories in the shape of a blooming lotus flower, emerging amidst the lush landscape of mountains and blue waters. The exterior is adorned with the iconic bronze drum – a symbol of ancient Vietnamese civilization.

The museum exhibits images and artifacts related to Ninh Binh’s natural history, natural resources, and its history from prehistoric times. The collection of animals is diverse and vivid (including bears, leopards, tigers, deer, pythons, snakes, squirrels, butterflies, and birds), along with depictions of famous landmarks in Ninh Binh.

Overview of Some Travel Experiences in Ninh Binh

Ninh Binh, located in northern Vietnam, is a stunning destination known for its natural beauty, cultural heritage, and historical significance. The province offers a diverse range of travel experiences, including picturesque landscapes, historical sites, and cultural encounters. Some of the must-visit attractions in Ninh Binh include Tam Coc, Trang An, Cuc Phuong National Park, Bai Dinh Pagoda, Phat Diem Stone Cathedral, and more. Visitors can explore the enchanting karst formations, take boat rides through serene rivers and caves, hike through lush forests, and immerse themselves in the local culture.

Which Season is the Most Beautiful for Traveling to Ninh Binh?

Ninh Binh is beautiful year-round, but the most popular time to visit is during the dry season, which typically falls between November and April. The months of October and November, as well as March and April, are considered the best times to enjoy pleasant weather, clear skies, and vibrant green landscapes. The lush rice paddies in Ninh Binh are at their most stunning in May and June when the fields are covered in a vivid green hue. However, this period can be hot and humid, so it’s essential to be prepared for the weather.

How to Get to Ninh Binh?

  • From Hanoi: Ninh Binh is about 90 kilometers (56 miles) south of Hanoi. The most common way to get there from Hanoi is by road. You can take a bus or hire a private car. The journey takes around 2 to 2.5 hours, depending on traffic.

Furthermore, if you are looking for a fast, safe, and reliable service in Hanoi to get to Ninh Binh, you can instantly book a private car service with a driver in Hanoi from DanangPrivateCar.com’s. With a professional team of drivers with many years of experience, they will pick you up directly from your hotel lobby, the airport, or anywhere in Hanoi. Since it’s a private car service, you can travel at any time, and along the way, you can take breaks or visit tourist destinations en route. Book your private trip from Hanoi to Ninh Binh today to arrange your journey.

  • By Train: You can also take a train from Hanoi to Ninh Binh. The Ninh Binh railway station is located in the town of Ninh Binh, making it convenient for travelers. Trains are a comfortable and scenic option.
  • From Other Cities: If you’re coming from other cities in Vietnam, you can use long-distance buses or trains to reach Ninh Binh. It’s well-connected with various parts of the country.

What to Prepare When Traveling to Ninh Binh?

  • Weather-Appropriate Clothing: Depending on the season, pack suitable clothing. Lightweight, breathable clothing is ideal for the hot and humid months, while you might need layers during cooler periods.
  • Comfortable Footwear: Wear comfortable walking shoes, especially if you plan to explore caves, hike, or take boat rides.
  • Sun Protection: Bring sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat to protect yourself from the sun, especially during the sunny months.
  • Insect Repellent: Ninh Binh is known for its lush landscapes, so it’s a good idea to have insect repellent on hand to ward off mosquitoes, especially in the evenings.
  • Cash and Cards: Make sure to carry both cash and cards as some places may not accept credit or debit cards.
  • Travel Essentials: Don’t forget your passport, travel insurance, and any necessary travel documents.
  • Camera and Binoculars: The scenery in Ninh Binh is incredibly picturesque, so don’t forget your camera. Binoculars can also come in handy for birdwatching in Cuc Phuong National Park.
  • Respectful Attire: If you plan to visit religious sites, remember to dress modestly and cover your shoulders and knees out of respect.
  • Local Currency: The local currency is the Vietnamese Dong (VND), so have some cash on hand for small expenses.
  • Adventurous Spirit: Be open to exploring off-the-beaten-path locations and interacting with the friendly local people. Ninh Binh has much to offer in terms of unique experiences.

Above, DanangPrivateCar.com has helped you summarize the famous tourist destinations in Ninh Binh that you shouldn’t miss. Hopefully, this information has assisted you in designing an exciting itinerary. The beauty of Ninh Binh truly needs to be experienced in person to fully appreciate its charm. So, why wait any longer? Gather your friends and family and visit Ninh Binh right away.